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The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1 has been linked to fatty acid metabolism via suppression of peroxysome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) and to inflammatory processes by deacetylating the transcription factor NF-kappaB. First, modulation of SIRT1 activity affects lipid accumulation in(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular proteins occurs rapidly upon treatment of fibroblasts with acidic or basic fibroblast growth factors (aFGF, bFGF), suggesting a role for protein phosphorylation in the FGF signaling pathway. Stimulation of Swiss 3T3 cells and MRC-5 fibroblasts with bFGF results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins, of(More)
Herein, we describe the design, synthesis, and SAR of a series of unique small molecule macrocycles that show spectrum selective kinase inhibition of CDKs, JAK2, and FLT3. The most promising leads were assessed in vitro for their inhibition of cancer cell proliferation, solubility, CYP450 inhibition, and microsomal stability. This screening cascade revealed(More)
SB1518 is an innovative pyrimidine-based macrocycle that shows a unique kinase profile with selective inhibition of Janus Kinase-2 (JAK2; IC50=23 and 19 nM for JAK2(WT) and JAK2(V617F), respectively) within the JAK family (IC50=1280, 520 and 50 nM for JAK1, JK3 and TYK2, respectively) and fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3; IC50=22 nM). SB1518 shows potent(More)
In Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulates the unique tyrosine phosphorylation of a protein complex around 90 kDa, as ascertained by high resolution 2-D PAGE and anti-phosphotyrosine blotting. The majority of this complex consists of the protein(s) designated previously as SNT (suc1-associated neurotrophic factor target).(More)
Discovery of the activating mutation V617F in Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2(V617F)), a tyrosine kinase critically involved in receptor signaling, recently ignited interest in JAK2 inhibitor therapy as a treatment for myelofibrosis (MF). Herein, we describe the design and synthesis of a series of small molecule 4-aryl-2-aminopyrimidine macrocycles and their(More)
Although clinical responses in liquid tumors and certain lymphomas have been reported, the clinical efficacy of histone deacetylase inhibitors in solid tumors has been limited. This may be in part due to the poor pharmacokinetic of these drugs, resulting in inadequate tumor concentrations of the drug. SB939 is a new hydroxamic acid based histone deacetylase(More)
TG02 is a novel pyrimidine-based multi-kinase inhibitor that inhibits CDKs 1, 2, 7 and 9 together with JAK2 and FLT3. It dose-dependently inhibits signaling pathways downstream of CDKs, JAK2 and FLT3 in cancer cells with the main targets being CDKs. TG02 is anti-proliferative in a broad range of tumor cell lines, inducing G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.(More)
Dysregulation of the PI3K/mTOR pathway, either through amplifications, deletions, or as a direct result of mutations, has been closely linked to the development and progression of a wide range of cancers. Moreover, this pathway activation is a poor prognostic marker for many tumor types and confers resistance to various cancer therapies. Here, we describe(More)
Herein, we describe the synthesis and SAR of a series of small molecule macrocycles that selectively inhibit JAK2 kinase within the JAK family and FLT3 kinase. Following a multiparameter optimization of a key aryl ring of the previously described SB1518 (pacritinib), the highly soluble 14l was selected as the optimal compound. Oral efficacy in the murine(More)