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The development of a low-cost polymer-grade L-lactic acid production process was achieved in this study. Excess sludge hydrolyzate (ESH) was chosen as nutrient source for the objective of reducing nutrient cost in lactic acid production. 1% of ESH had high performance in lactic acid production relative to 2g/l yeast extract (YE) while the production cost of(More)
A Gram-stain positive, non-motile, non-sporogenous, aerobic, rod-shaped and halophilic bacterium, designated LAM0015T, was isolated from a saline sediment sample collected from Yantai City in China. The isolate was found to be able to grow at NaCl concentrations of 5–25 % (w/v) (optimum: 7–12 %), 15–45 °C (optimum: 35 °C) and pH 5.0–9.0 (optimum: 7.0). The(More)
A stable mutant flocculent yeast strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae KRM-1 was isolated during repeated-batch ethanol fermentation using kitchen refuse as the medium. The mechanism of flocculation and interaction with the medium was investigated. According to sugar inhibition assay, it was found that the mutant flocculent strain was a NewFlo phenotype.(More)
A thermophilic strain Bacillus coagulans (NBRC 12714) was employed to produce l-lactic acid from corn stover hydrolysate in membrane integrated continuous fermentation. The strain NBRC 12714 metabolized glucose and xylose by the Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway (EMP) and the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), producing l-lactic acid with optical purity >99.5%.(More)
A novel facultatively anaerobic bacterial strain, designated LAM0504T, was isolated from a pit mud of Luzhou flavour liquor alcohol fermentation in Sichuan Province, China. Cells of strain LAM0504T were observed to be Gram-stain negative, spore-forming, rod shaped and motile by means of peritrichous flagella. Strain LAM0504T was found to be able to grow at(More)
The aim of present study was to develop a process for open ethanol fermentation from food waste using an acid-tolerant mutant of Zymomonas mobilis (ZMA7-2). The mutant showed strong tolerance to acid condition of food waste hydrolysate and high ethanol production performance. By optimizing fermentation parameters, ethanol fermentation with initial glucose(More)
A novel aerobic, Gram-staining-negative bacterium, designated strain LAM-WHM-ZC(T), was isolated from coastal sediment samples from the Bohai Sea, near Yantai, China. Cells of LAM-WHM-ZC(T) were non-motile, short-rod- or coccoid-shaped. The temperature and pH ranges for growth were 4-40 °C (optimum: 20-33 °C) and pH 5-9 (optimum: pH 7.5). The strain did not(More)
Aiming at improving the efficiency of transferring corn stover into sugars, an efficient lignocellulolytic enzyme system was developed and investigated by co-cultivation of the Coprinus comatus with Trichoderma reesei in a single bioreactor. The results showed that the lignocellulolytic enzyme activities of the co-culture exceeded that of the monoculture,(More)
A Gram-staining-positive, spore-forming, strictly anaerobic bacterium, designated strain LAM0A37T, was isolated from enrichment samples collected from a petroleum reservoir in Shengli oilfield. Cells of strain LAM0A37T were rod-shaped and motile by peritrichous flagella. The optimal temperature and pH for growth were 40 °C and 7.0–7.5, respectively. The(More)
BACKGROUND The cell growth and ethanol yield of Zymomonas mobilis may be detrimentally affected by salt stress frequently present in some biomass-based fermentation systems, leading to a decrease in the rate of sugar conversion to ethanol or other bioproducts. To address this problem, improving the salt tolerance of Z. mobilis is a desirable way. However,(More)