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BACKGROUND New-generation antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) tend to replace traditional AEDs as the first-line choice for epilepsy. However, whether this change results in better outcome, especially in China, remains unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Two broad spectrum AEDs, the traditional drug of sustained-release formulation of valproate (SRVPA) and the(More)
AIM Intractable epilepsy is characterized of seizure resistance to the anti-epileptic drugs. The underlying mechanisms are still elusive. Alterations of synaptic vesicle traffic may be one of the candidate mechanisms. METHODS Phenytoin-resistant and phenytoin-non resistant epileptic rats were selected in the amygdala kindled adult male Wistar rats.(More)
To explore the effects of neuronal Per-Arnt-Sim domain protein 4 (Npas4) on seizures in pilocarpine-induced epileptic rats, Npas4 expression was detected by double-label immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, and Western blotting in the brains of pilocarpine-induced epileptic model rats at 6 h, 24 h, 72 h, 7 d, 14 d, 30 d, and 60 d after status(More)
The Collapsin Response Mediator Protein-1 (CRMP-1) is a brain specific protein identified as a signaling molecule of Semaphorin-3A and act as axon repellent guidance factor in nervous system. Recent studies indicated that axon guidance molecules may play a role in synaptic reorganization in the adult brain and thereby promote epileptogenesis. This study(More)
Recent studies suggest that angiogenesis and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are involved in the pathophysiology of epilepsy. However, relatively little data are available linking placenta growth factor (PIGF) with epilepsy. In this study, we assessed concentrations of PIGF in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 60 epileptic patients and 24 non-seizure(More)
Studies have shown that neurofibromin (NF1) restricts GABA release at inhibitory synapses and regulates dendritic spine formation, which may play an important role in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). NF1 expression was detected by double-label immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, and western blot analysis in the brains of pilocarpine-induced epilepsy(More)
In this study, we aimed to predict newly diagnosed patient responses to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging tools to explore changes in spontaneous brain activity. We recruited 21 newly diagnosed epileptic patients, 8 drug-resistant (DR) patients, 11 well-healed (WH) patients, and 13 healthy controls. After a(More)
Objectives EEG effects of the sustained-release form of sodium valproate (SR-VPA) are unknown, although it is widely used in Chinese patients with generalized tonicclonic seizures (GTCS). Methods Fourteen newly diagnosed, untreated GTCS patients were recruited and treated with SR-VPA. Waking EEG was recorded and analyzed by way of quantitative(More)