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Chemokine C-X3-C motif ligand 1 (CX3CL1, alias fractalkine), is highly expressed in the central nervous system and participates in inflammatory responses. Recent studies indicated that inflammatory processes within the brain constitute a common and crucial mechanism in the pathophysiological characteristics of epilepsy. This study investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have been widely used in patients with epilepsy but the adverse effects in adult Chinese patients have not been investigated. This study evaluated the adverse effects of four commonly prescribed AED monotherapies with carbamazepine (CBZ), phenytoin (PHT), valproate (VPA), and lamotrigine (LTG) in adult Chinese patients(More)
AIM Intractable epilepsy is characterized of seizure resistance to the anti-epileptic drugs. The underlying mechanisms are still elusive. Alterations of synaptic vesicle traffic may be one of the candidate mechanisms. METHODS Phenytoin-resistant and phenytoin-non resistant epileptic rats were selected in the amygdala kindled adult male Wistar rats.(More)
The Collapsin Response Mediator Protein-1 (CRMP-1) is a brain specific protein identified as a signaling molecule of Semaphorin-3A and act as axon repellent guidance factor in nervous system. Recent studies indicated that axon guidance molecules may play a role in synaptic reorganization in the adult brain and thereby promote epileptogenesis. This study(More)
BACKGROUND New-generation antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) tend to replace traditional AEDs as the first-line choice for epilepsy. However, whether this change results in better outcome, especially in China, remains unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Two broad spectrum AEDs, the traditional drug of sustained-release formulation of valproate (SRVPA) and the(More)
Recent studies suggest that angiogenesis and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are involved in the pathophysiology of epilepsy. However, relatively little data are available linking placenta growth factor (PIGF) with epilepsy. In this study, we assessed concentrations of PIGF in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 60 epileptic patients and 24 non-seizure(More)
Desmopressin is a synthetic replacement for vasopressin, which is used to reduce perioperative blood loss. However, seizure attacks were observed in patients after administration of desmopressin. Here, we reported two cases of adult Chinese patients experienced generalized tonic-clonic seizures associated with severe hyponatremia caused by intravenously(More)
To explore the effects of neuronal Per-Arnt-Sim domain protein 4 (Npas4) on seizures in pilocarpine-induced epileptic rats, Npas4 expression was detected by double-label immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, and Western blotting in the brains of pilocarpine-induced epileptic model rats at 6 h, 24 h, 72 h, 7 d, 14 d, 30 d, and 60 d after status(More)