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Air quality was a vital concern for the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008. To strictly control air pollutant emissions and ensure good air quality for the Games, Beijing municipal government announced an "Air Quality Guarantee Plan for the 29th Olympics in Beijing". In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the guarantee plan, this study analyzed the air(More)
China is taking major steps to improve Beijing's air quality for the 2008 Olympic Games. However, concentrations of fine particulate matter and ozone in Beijing often exceed healthful levels in the summertime. Based on the US EPA's Models-3/CMAQ model simulation over the Beijing region, we estimate that about 34% of PM 2.5 on average and 35–60% of ozone(More)
Weekly PM2.5 samples were collected for one year in Beijing and Shanghai and the crustal elements analyzed to investigate the concentration levels and temporal variations of ambient fine mineral dust. The mass concentrations of Al, Si, Ca, Mg, and Fe exhibited similar significant weekly variations in both Beijing and Shanghai. The annual average PM2.5(More)
Weekly PM2.5 samples were simultaneously collected at a semi-residential (Tsinghua University) and a downtown (Chegongzhuang) site in Beijing from August 2001 through September 2002. The ambient mass concentration and chemical composition of PM2.5 were determined. Analyses including elemental composition, water-soluble ions, and organic and elemental carbon(More)
The chemical characteristics (water-soluble ions and carbonaceous species) of PM2.5 in Guangzhou were measured during a typical haze episode. Most of the chemical species in PM2.5 showed significant difference between normal and haze days. The highest contributors to PM2.5 were organic carbon (OC), nitrate, and sulfate in haze days and were OC, sulfate, and(More)
Beijing, the capital of China, has experienced rapid motorization since 1990; a trend that is likely to continue. The growth in vehicles and the corresponding emissions create challenges to improving the urban air quality. In an effort to reduce the impact of vehicle emissions on urban air quality, Beijing has adopted a number of vehicle emission control(More)
China is the world's largest emitter of anthropogenic air pollutants, and measurable amounts of Chinese pollution are transported via the atmosphere to other countries, including the United States. However, a large fraction of Chinese emissions is due to manufacture of goods for foreign consumption. Here, we analyze the impacts of trade-related Chinese air(More)
In the last 10 yr, Beijing has made a great effort to improve its air quality. However, it is still suffering from regional coarse particulate matter (PM10) pollution that could be a challenge to the promise of clean air during the 2008 Olympics. To provide scientific guidance on regional air pollution control, the Mesoscale Modeling System Generation 5(More)
Keywords: Vehicle kilometers traveled Energy use CO 2 emissions a b s t r a c t Vehicle-use intensity (kilometers traveled per vehicle per year or VKT) is important because it directly affects simulation results for vehicle fuel use and emissions, but the poor understanding of VKT in China could significantly affect the accuracy of estimation of total fuel(More)