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Air quality was a vital concern for the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008. To strictly control air pollutant emissions and ensure good air quality for the Games, Beijing municipal government announced an "Air Quality Guarantee Plan for the 29th Olympics in Beijing". In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the guarantee plan, this study analyzed the air(More)
Weekly PM2.5 samples were simultaneously collected at a semi-residential (Tsinghua University) and a downtown (Chegongzhuang) site in Beijing from August 2001 through September 2002. The ambient mass concentration and chemical composition of PM2.5 were determined. Analyses including elemental composition, water-soluble ions, and organic and elemental carbon(More)
Beijing, the capital of China, has experienced rapid motorization since 1990; a trend that is likely to continue. The growth in vehicles and the corresponding emissions create challenges to improving the urban air quality. In an effort to reduce the impact of vehicle emissions on urban air quality, Beijing has adopted a number of vehicle emission control(More)
Weekly PM2.5 samples were collected for one year in Beijing and Shanghai and the crustal elements analyzed to investigate the concentration levels and temporal variations of ambient fine mineral dust. The mass concentrations of Al, Si, Ca, Mg, and Fe exhibited similar significant weekly variations in both Beijing and Shanghai. The annual average PM2.5(More)
We developed a useful analytical method for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) concentrations in the aerosol of China. We used an accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) method for the extraction of PAHs from the aerosol samples, in order to reduce the extraction time and the solvent volume used. The optimum purification method was(More)
In the last 10 yr, Beijing has made a great effort to improve its air quality. However, it is still suffering from regional coarse particulate matter (PM10) pollution that could be a challenge to the promise of clean air during the 2008 Olympics. To provide scientific guidance on regional air pollution control, the Mesoscale Modeling System Generation 5(More)
Council approved its first national environmental standard for limiting the amount of fine particles in air that measure less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter. It requires the country to implement the World Health Organization’s recommended interim target of an annual average of 35 micrograms per cubic metre (μg m) for such particles by the end of 2015.(More)
The chemical characteristics (water-soluble ions and carbonaceous species) of PM2.5 in Guangzhou were measured during a typical haze episode. Most of the chemical species in PM2.5 showed significant difference between normal and haze days. The highest contributors to PM2.5 were organic carbon (OC), nitrate, and sulfate in haze days and were OC, sulfate, and(More)
This paper examines Beijing air quality in the winter and summer of 2001 using an integrated air quality modeling system (Fifth Generation Mesoscale Meteorological Model [MM5]/Community Multiscale Air Quality [CMAQ]) in nested mode. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Transport and Chemical Evolution over the Pacific (TRACE-P) emission(More)
Seventy-five diesel vehicles were measured in China using a portable emissions measurement system (PEMS). Particular matter (PM) emission factors and gaseous emission factors for Euro 0 (E0), Euro 1 (E1), Euro 2 (E2), and Euro 3 (E3) trucks were obtained under highway, urban, and rural driving conditions. Vehicle emission regulations in China have(More)