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Journals and Conferences
BACKGROUND Few studies address the use of paediatric highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Africa. METHODS We performed a retrospective cohort study to investigate preliminary outcomes of all children eligible for HAART at Sinikithemba HIV/AIDS clinic in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Immunologic, virologic, clinical, mortality, primary caregiver,… (More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether daily ingestion of yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus prevents vulvovaginal candidal infections. DESIGN Crossover trial for at least 1 year during which patients were examined for candidal infections and colonizations while receiving either a yogurt-free or a yogurt-containing diet. Patients served as their own… (More)
This study reports the appropriate disinfection methods for flexible and rigid laryngoscopes when used in an outpatient setting. This investigation presents evidence that an appreciable number of laryngoscopes are contaminated during use. A brief tap water rinse serves to eliminate gross soil of host origin known to interfere with disinfectant efficacy.… (More)
INTRODUCTION Individuals with Huntington's disease have a high prevalence of falls, but the specific factors that may increase the risk of falling have not been clearly identified in this clinical population. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of individuals with early to mid-stage Huntington's disease who had a history of falls, compared with… (More)
Propionibacterium acnes has been identified as a significant agent of nosocomial infections, including endophthalmitis. Data concerning susceptibility of P. acnes to newer beta-lactam antibiotics and fluoroquinolones are limited. Recent reports suggest that quinolones have activity against these organisms sufficient to warrant further study. We undertook a… (More)
Solutions of 2.0% and 3.4% glutaraldehyde, and of 0.5% phenate with 0.18% glutaraldehyde were stressed with a microbial and organic soil load for the periods advocated by the respective manufacturers. The disinfecting efficacy of the stressed solutions was challenged with Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Mycobacterium bovis… (More)
We tested three fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, and trovafloxacin), each combined with each of four beta-lactams (cefoperazone, ceftriaxone, imipenem, and meropenem) for synergy against clinical isolates of nosocomial strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and Burkholderia cepacia. The ciprofloxacin-beta-lactam… (More)
Ampicillin-sulbactam disks containing either 10 microg of each drug or 20 microg of each drug were tested against 138 recently, sequentially isolated members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Results obtained with the higher-content disks corresponded more closely to the impressions of clinicians.
Gram-positive isolates (n = 290) were tested for their susceptibility to three fluoroquinolone antibiotics by standard disk-diffusion technology. Overall, 59%, 72%, and 85% were susceptible and 29%, 25%, and 11% were resistant to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, and trovafloxacin, respectively. Of Staphylococcus aureus isolates (n = 84), 55%, 57%, and 88% were… (More)
Susceptibility results obtained with individualized MIC strips (MICRO-MIC) agreed with the standard microdilution broth method at a level of 96% or greater for each of the 10 antimicrobial agents tested.