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Histamine has been proposed to be an important regulator of energy intake and expenditure. The aim of this study was to evaluate histamine regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism and development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with a hyperlipidemic diet. Histamine regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, adipocytokine production, and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is produced in almost all tissues and organs, exerting a variety of biological actions under physiological and pathological conditions. NO is synthesized by three different isoforms of NO synthase (NOS), including neuronal, inducible, and endothelial NOSs. Because there are substantial compensatory interactions among the NOS isoforms, the(More)
The proinflammatory cytokine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is expressed in inflammatory and atherosclerotic lesions. GM-CSF is known to enhance monocytic expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). However, the molecular mechanism(s) by which GM-CSF up-regulates the MCP-1 expression remains to be clarified. Thus, in(More)
Histamine is synthesized as a low-molecular-weight amine from L-histidine by histidine decarboxylase (HDC). Recently, we demonstrated that carotid artery-ligated HDC gene-deficient mice (HDC(-/-)) showed less neointimal formation than wild-type (WT) mice, indicating that histamine participates in the process of arteriosclerosis. However, little is known(More)
AIMS Consumption of a high-fructose diet (HFrD) can induce the development of a metabolic syndrome, manifesting as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), via a process in which oxidative stress plays a critical role. Peroxiredoxin 4 (PRDX4) is a unique and only known secretory member of the PRDX antioxidant family.(More)
To clarify the role of histamine-producing cells and its origin in atherosclerosis, we investigated histidine decarboxylase (HDC; histamine-producing enzyme) expression in murine arteries with vascular injuries after the animal had received transplanted bone marrow (BM) from green fluorescent protein (GFP)-transgenic mice. The neointima in the ligated(More)
Previously we demonstrated that histidine decarboxylase (HDC), which produces histamine from l-histidine, was detected in monocytes/macrophages located in human atherosclerotic lesions. As monocytic migration is a key event of atherogenesis, we investigated whether histamine induces monocytic expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and its(More)
AIM Experimental studies of human atherogenesis require an appropriate animal model that mimics human physiology and pathology. Because swine physiology is similar to human physiology, we developed a hyperlipidemia-induced atherosclerosis model using the recently developed world's smallest Microminipig(TM). METHODS These animals weigh only 5kg at 3months(More)
Cancer cells show constitutive upregulation of glycolysis, and the concentration of lactate thus produced correlates with prognosis. Here, we examined whether lactate concentration and lactate transporter expression are related to migration and invasion activity. We found that the expression of the monocarboxylate transporters MCT1 and MCT4, but not MCT5,(More)
OBJECTIVE The pathogenic role of macrophage apoptosis in atherosclerosis is still debatable, but it is considered to be a suppressor of plaque progression in early stages but a promoter of plaque necrosis in advanced stages. Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase that plays a pivotal role in(More)