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BACKGROUND Stem cells, which have the ability to differentiate into insulin-producing cells (IPCs), would provide a potentially unlimited source of islet cells for transplantation and alleviate the major limitations of availability and allogeneic rejection. Therefore, the utilization of stem cells is becoming the most promising therapy for diabetes mellitus(More)
Endoscopic thyroidectomy embodies the features of both minimally invasive surgery and aesthetic surgery. However, none of the established approaches is minimally invasive and meanwhile maximally cosmetic. Here we applied a modified anterior chest approach to achieve excellent cosmesis with reduced physical invasion. Fifty-six patients with benign thyroid(More)
BACKGROUND Ischaemic reperfusion injury (IRI) is inevitable during major liver surgery. Ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) has been proven an effective intervention against hepatic IRI. Recently, it was demonstrated that ischaemic postconditioning (IPO) provided effective cardioprotection on IRI. We evaluated the protective effects of IPO on warm/cold IRI in(More)
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used to treat tumors for years and has been demonstrated to be effective. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of herbs remain unclear. This study aims to ascertain molecular targets of herbs prolonging survival time of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on network pharmacology,(More)
BACKGROUND It is important for surgeons to locate the reliable surgical planes in the operation of total mesorectal excision (TME); we observe the parasympathetic nerve to the distal colon can be served as one of useful markers for precisely locating the posterior dissection plane in TME. MATERIALS AND METHODS From October 2006 to January 2008, 26(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has been considered as the standard approach to remove a normal-sized spleen, but it is facing technical challenges when applied to splenomegaly. Hand-assisted laparoscopic technique was designed to facilitate the performance of difficult laparoscopic procedure. This study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy and(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) expression is an adverse prognostic factor in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of CEACAM1 and its effect on relapse-free survival (RFS) following liver transplantation (LT) for HCC. METHODS Expression of CEACAM1(More)
AIM To investigate factors causing diabetes recurrence after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB). METHODS SG and DJB were performed on rats with diabetes induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ). HFD was used to induce diabetes recurrence at 4 wk postoperatively. Body weight, oral glucose tolerance test, homeostatic(More)