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A recent study reported that OLIG2 had a significant association with schizophrenia in the UK population. We genotyped three variants scattered among the genomic region of OLIG2, namely rs1005573, rs762178 and rs1059004 in a sample consisting of 329 schizophrenia patients and 288 controls. The results provide further evidence that the SNP rs762178 in OLIG2(More)
The groundbreaking discovery of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) provides a new source for cell therapy. However, whether the iPS derived functional lineages from different cell origins have different immunogenicity remains unknown. It had been known that the cells isolated from extra-embryonic tissues, such as umbilical cord mesenchymal cells(More)
Vitamin A regulates the development and maintenance of the central nervous system. Studies of vitamin A depletion (VAD) and mutations of retinoid receptors in rodents have revealed a dysfunction of motor and cognitive abilities. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these behavioral changes are not well understood. In this study, VAD mice were(More)
The glutamatergic dysfunction hypothesis of schizophrenia implicates the genes involved in glutamatergic transmission as strong candidates for schizophrenia-susceptibility. Recent linkage and association studies have identified the glutamate receptor, ionotropic, delta 1 gene GRID1 on 10q22 as a strong candidate for schizophrenia. In this current(More)
OBJECTIVES The FoxP2 gene, located on 7q31, encodes a transcription factor. It was first discovered through investigations of a large multigenerational family (the KE family) with a rare severe speech and language disorder (Fisher et al., Nat. Genet. 1998;18:168; Lai et al., Nature 2001;413:519). Subsequent studies gave powerful and convincing functional(More)
AIMS Transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) plays an important role in tumor cell invasion and metastasis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of STAT3 knockdown in nude mouse xenografts of pancreatic cancer cells and underlying gene expression. METHODS A STAT3 shRNA lentiviral vector was constructed and infected into(More)
Four and a half LIM protein 1 (FHL1) belongs to the Lin-1, Isl-1 and Mec-3 (LIM)-only protein family and plays important roles in muscle growth and carcinogenesis. However, the biological function of FHL1 remains largely unknown. Here, we show that FHL1 physically and functionally interacted with oestrogen receptors (ERs), which are involved in breast(More)
Different hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes exhibit differences in disease pathogenesis and progression, as well as disease outcomes and response to therapy. Tracking the change of HCV genotypes in various epidemiological settings is critical for both disease surveillance and the development of improved antiviral treatment. Here, we tracked the changes in(More)
Tooth is vital not only for a good smile, but also good health. Yet, we lose tooth regularly due to accidents or diseases. An ideal solution to this problem is to regenerate tooth with patients’ own cells. Here we describe the generation of tooth-like structures from integration-free human urine induced pluripotent stem cells (ifhU-iPSCs). We first(More)
BACKGROUND Both HCV genotypes and viral loads are predictors of therapeutic outcomes among patients treated with α-interferon plus ribavirin; however, such correlation has only been studied for genotypes 1, 2, and 3 but not for genotype 6. METHODOLOGY/FINDINGS 299 voluntary blood donors were recruited who were HCV viremic. Their mean age was 31.8; the(More)