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Detecting outliers which are grossly different from or inconsistent with the remaining dataset is a major challenge in real-world KDD applications. Existing outlier detection methods are ineffective on scattered real-world datasets due to implicit data patterns and parameter setting issues. We define a novel Local Distance-based Outlier Factor (LDOF) to(More)
Heterochromatin in eukaryotic genomes regulates diverse chromosomal processes including transcriptional silencing. However, in Schizosaccharomyces pombe RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) transcription of centromeric repeats is essential for RNA-interference-mediated heterochromatin assembly. Here we study heterochromatin dynamics during the cell cycle and its(More)
The hexanucleotide repeat expansion (HRE) GGGGCC (G4C2) in C9orf72 is the most common cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Recent studies support an HRE RNA gain-of-function mechanism of neurotoxicity, and we previously identified protein interactors for the G4C2 RNA including RanGAP1. A candidate-based genetic(More)
Heterochromatin assembly, involving methylation of histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9me), regulates various chromosomal processes. In fission yeast, heterochromatin targeted to specific repeat loci in an RNAi-dependent manner spreads across extended domains to exert regional epigenetic control. The Clr4 methyltransferase complex (ClrC) is responsible for nucleation(More)
More than half of the solar energy absorbed by land surfaces is currently used to evaporate water. Climate change is expected to intensify the hydrological cycle and to alter evapotranspiration, with implications for ecosystem services and feedback to regional and global climate. Evapotranspiration changes may already be under way, but direct observational(More)
Ethylene is required for climacteric fruit ripening. Inhibition of ethylene biosynthesis genes, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) synthase and ACC oxidase, prevents or delays ripening, but it is not known how these genes are modulated during normal development. LeHB-1, a previously uncharacterized tomato homeobox protein, was shown by gel retardation(More)
Conventional operating system code is written to deal with all possible system states, and performs considerable interpretation to determine the current system state before taking action. A consequence of this approach is that kernel calls which perform little actual work take a long time to execute. To address this problem, we use specialized operating(More)
Eukaryotic transcriptomes are characterized by widespread transcription of noncoding and antisense RNAs, which is linked to key chromosomal processes, such as chromatin remodelling, gene regulation and heterochromatin assembly. However, these transcripts can be deleterious, and their accumulation is suppressed by several mechanisms including degradation by(More)
Composite cross populations (CP) developed from three or more cultivars/lines are frequently used to improve agronomic and economic traits in crop cultivar development programs. Employing CP in linkage map construction and quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping may increase the marker density of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genetic maps, exploit(More)