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Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited ocular disease which has been associated with three primary mitochondrial DNA mutations: G3640A, G11778A, and T14484C. In this study, we clinically characterized a Chinese family with complete penetrance of LHON. The patients in the family presented with variable clinical features. By(More)
The crystal structure of 3C proteinase (3C(pro)) from Enterovirus 71 (EV71) was determined in space group C2221 to 2.2 Å resolution. The fold was similar to that of 3C(pro) from other picornaviruses, but the difference in the β-ribbon reported in a previous structure was not observed. This β-ribbon was folded over the substrate-binding cleft and constituted(More)
Visualization of the spatiotemporal pattern of cell division is crucial to understand how multicellular organisms develop and how they modify their growth in response to varying environmental conditions. The mitotic cell cycle consists of four phases: S (DNA replication), M (mitosis and cytokinesis), and the intervening G1 and G2 phases; however, only(More)
Hormones are critical for cell differentiation, elongation, and division. The plant hormone auxin plays vital roles in plant growth and development and is essential for various physiologic processes. Previous studies showed that germin-like proteins (GLPs) are involved in multiple physiologic and developmental processes and that several GLP members could(More)
Magnetic cationic hydrogel (MCH) was synthesized, and its removal efficiency and mechanisms in regard to natural organic matter (NOM, represented by humic acid and fulvic acid) from the aqueous environment were studied. The effects of time, adsorbent dosage, initial pH, ionic strength, background ions, and NOM types were also investigated. MCH was(More)
Tricalcium phosphate (TCP) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are commonly used in bone tissue engineering. The aim of the present study was to investigate a composite that combined TCP with PRP and assess its effectiveness in the treatment of bone defects. Cavity-shaped bone defects were established on the tibiae of 27 beagle dogs, and were repaired by pure(More)
Twist, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, and E-cadherin are both correlated with the metastatic progression of several types of cancer. However, it is currently unknown whether their activations have relevance to the progression of osteosarcoma. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the clinicopathological and prognostic value of(More)
The goal of this study was to determine outcomes related to limb salvage vs. amputation for treating high-grade and localized osteosarcoma in patients with pathological fractures. Literature search was conducted using Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Database. Two reviewers independently assessed all eligible publications. The primary outcome measurement(More)
Both TWIST and Wnt/β-catenin signaling reportedly play important roles in osteosarcoma development. In the present study, we explored the regulatory effect of TWIST on β-catenin in osteosarcoma cells and assessed how the functional interaction between TWIST and β-catenin would impact osteosarcoma cell survival against chemotherapy agent cisplatin.(More)
β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are commonly used in bone tissue engineering. In the present study, a new composite combining strengthened β-TCP and PRP was prepared and its morphological and mechanical properties were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and material testing. The biocompat-ibility was evaluated(More)