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Obesity is a complex metabolic disease that is a serious detriment to both children and adult health, which induces a variety of diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, hypertension and cancer. Although adverse effects of obesity on female reproduction or oocyte development have been well recognized, its harmfulness to male fertility is(More)
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are considered as one of the most promising seed cell sources in regenerative medicine. Now hiPSC-based clinical trials are underway. To ensure clinical safety, cells used in clinical trials or therapies should be generated under GMP conditions, and with Xeno-free culture media to avoid possible side effects(More)
BACKGROUND Binder syndrome is a congenital deformity around the maxillofacial area. Its 2 most distinctive characteristics are flattened nose and midfacial retrusion. Various methods and materials, such as the use of silicon, costal bone, and costal cartilage, have been proposed for the treatment of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS We harvested only the(More)
Investigations about prevalence of obesity in psoriasis patients are increased nowadays. Higher serum levels of leptin in patients with psoriasis who are overweight or obese suggest that leptin may serve as a molecular link between psoriasis and metabolic comorbidities. However, the pathological functions of leptin in psoriasis are not clearly understood.(More)
The facts that biomaterials affect the behavior of single type of cells have been widely accepted. However, the effects of biomaterials on cell-cell interactions have rarely been reported. Bone tissue engineering involves osteoblastic cells (OCs), endothelial cells (ECs) and the interactions between OCs and ECs. It has been reported that silicate(More)
Polymer scaffold systems consisting of poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) have proven to be possible matrices for the three-dimensional growth of chondrocyte cultures. However, the engineered cartilage grown on these PHBV scaffolds is currently unsatisfactory for clinical applications due to PHBV's poor hydrophilicity, resulting in inadequate(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are a promising source of stem cells for tissue engineering in cartilage repair. However, construction of cartilage using BMSCs can involve many problems, such as fibrosis, vascularization, the 'hollow' phenomenon and shrinkage, which may be caused by the incomplete differentiation of BMSCs and prevent the(More)
Keratinocytes (KCs) play a critical role in maintaining the cutaneous structure and are involved in various physiological and pathologic processes of the skin. Many inflammatory skin diseases and skin cancers result from excessive proliferation and insufficient apoptosis of KCs. Recent data suggested that the sonic hedgehog (Shh) signalling pathway plays an(More)
A fluid-based model combined TCP and UDP under RED mechanism has been presented in this paper based on a previously developed one. We linearized the model and added the feedback control mechanism that is introduced by RED, and then educed three propositions. Based on these propositions, we can present design guidelines for choosing network parameters that(More)