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BACKGROUND Understanding the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is essential for the development of efficient tuberculosis control strategies. China has the second-largest tuberculosis burden in the world. Recent transmission and infection with M. tuberculosis, particularly drug-resistant strains, may account for many new tuberculosis cases. (More)
BACKGROUND The Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing strains are widespread globally. We aimed to determine whether Beijing strains in China are more likely than other strains to spread, and whether they are more likely to become drug resistant. We also sought to determine whether different Beijing sublineages have distinct phenotypic characteristics. (More)
Babesia species are tick-borne intraerythrocytic protozoa that cause babesiosis in humans worldwide. No vaccine has yet proven effective against Babesia infection. Surface antigens of merozoites are involved in the invasion of erythrocytes by Babesia. Surface antigens may be presented by both babesial sporozoites and merozoites and provide a general target(More)
A new isoquinolone alkaloid named 5-hydroxy-8-methoxy-4-phenylisoquinolin-1(2H)-one (3), together with two known quinolinone alkaloids 3-O-methylviridicatin (1) and viridicatol (2) were isolated from the fermentation of an endophytic fungus Penicillium sp. R22 in Nerium indicum. Their structures were elucidated by NMR, IR and MS data, and were also(More)
Based on the spirotryprostatin A structure, a series of compounds belonging to spiro-indolyl diketopiperazine structural class were designed and synthesized, which embody an oxindole with an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter. The total synthesis can efficiently be accessed in a seven-step reaction sequence with 18-28% overall yield from commercially(More)
A new p-hydroxybenzoic acid derivative named 4-(2'R, 4'-dihydroxybutoxy) benzoic acid (1) was isolated from the fermentation of Penicillium sp. R22 in Nerium indicum. The structure was elucidated by means of spectroscopic (HR-ESI-MS, NMR, IR, UV) and X-ray crystallographic methods. The antibacterial and antifungal activity of compound 1 was tested, and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the allele and genotype frequencies of DXS6804, DXS6799, DXS8378, DXS7130 and DXS7132 in unrelated individuals of Nu population and establish the related genetic database. METHODS Five X-STR loci were analyzed by PCR followed PAGE and silver staining. RESULTS The allele frequencies of the five X-STRs in Yunnan Nu population are(More)
Replication of the 3.2-kb hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome is driven by the covalently closed circular (ccc) DNA in the nucleus, from which four classes of co-terminal RNAs are transcribed. Genome replication requires just the 3.5-kb pregenomic RNA, which is terminally redundant. Cloning the full-length HBV genome into a vector disrupts its continuity, thus(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the mitochondrial single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)of Chinese Nu ethnic population from Yunnan region of China and to provide basic database for ethnic origin investigation and forensic purpose. METHODS Genomic DNA from the whole blood of 87 unrelated individuals was extracted by standard chelex-100. The sequence polymorphism(More)
BACKGROUND Babesiosis is an uncommon but emerging tick-borne disease caused by the genus Babesia. In this case study, we report a case of human infection with a novel Babesia sp. in China. FINDINGS The patient in question had been suffering from repetitive occurrences of mild fever of unknown origin and fatigue for 10 years. Ring forms, tetrads, and one(More)