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The small GTP binding protein ARF has been implicated in budding clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) from Golgi and endosomal membranes. An arf1 synthetic lethal screen identified DRS2/SWA3 along with a clathrin heavy-chain conditional allele (chc1-5/swa5-1) and SWA2, encoding the yeast auxilin-like protein involved in uncoating CCVs. Drs2p/Swa3p is a P-type(More)
Most existing real-time protocols for sensor data dissemination use packet scheduling schemes to prioritize packets according to their deadlines. However, packet prioritization by itself cannot completely support real-time data dissemination requirements. In this paper, we propose new just-in-time scheduling (JiTS) algorithms that take advantage of the(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a heterodimeric basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor composed of HIF-1 alpha and HIF-1 beta/aryl hydrocarbon nuclear translocator subunits. HIF-1 expression is induced by hypoxia, growth factors, and activation of oncogenes. In response to hypoxia, HIF-1 activates the expression of many genes including vascular(More)
The Pkh1 protein kinase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a homolog of the mammalian 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase (PDK1), regulates downstream AGC-type protein kinases including Ypk1/2 and Pkc1, which control cell wall integrity, growth, and other processes. Phytosphingosine (PHS), a sphingoid long chain base, is hypothesized to be a lipid activator of(More)
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption occurs early enough to be within the thrombolytic time window, and this early ischemic BBB damage is closely associated with hemorrhagic transformation and thus emerging as a promising target for reducing the hemorrhagic complications of thrombolytic stroke therapy. However, the mechanisms underlying early ischemic BBB(More)
The essential role for phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PtdIns(4)P) in vesicle-mediated protein transport from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) was first described in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, the identity of downstream effectors of PtdIns(4)P in this system has been elusive. Here, we show that Drs2p, a type IV P-type ATPase(More)
Stroke causes heterogeneous changes in tissue oxygenation, with a region of decreased blood flow, the penumbra, surrounding a severely damaged ischemic core. Treatment of acute ischemic stroke aims to save this penumbra before its irreversible damage by continued ischemia. However, effective treatment remains elusive due to incomplete understanding of(More)
We consider a wireless network composed of three nodes and limited by the half-duplex and total power constraints. This formulation encompasses many of the special cases studied in the literature and allows for capturing the common features shared by them. Here, we focus on three special cases, namely, 1) relay channel, 2) multicast channel, and 3)(More)
This paper develops a general framework for communication over doubly dispersive fading channels via an orthogonal short-time Fourier (STF) basis. The STF basis is generated from a prototype pulse via time-frequency shifts. In general, the orthogonality between basis functions is destroyed at the receiver due to channel dispersion. The starting point of(More)
BACKGROUND It has been speculated that chemokines and neurotransmitters might be involved in the organ-specific development of metastases because cancer metastasis is similar to the regulation of migratory activity in leukocytes. Here, we aimed to examine the expression of beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (beta(2)-AR) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and(More)