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BACKGROUND Abnormalities in large-scale, structural and functional brain connectivity have been increasingly reported in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). However, MDD-related alterations in functional interaction between the cerebral hemispheres are still not well understood. Resting state fMRI, which reveals spontaneous neural fluctuations in(More)
In the asymptotic theory of quantum hypothesis testing, the error probability of the first kind jumps sharply from zero to one when the error exponent of the second kind passes by the point of the relative entropy of the two states, in an increasing way. This is well known as the direct part and strong converse of quantum Stein's lemma. Here we look into(More)
Using the technology of wireless energy transfer, the paper proposes Qi-ferry which physically carries energy, roves a wireless sensor network, and wirelessly charges sensor nodes to extend their lifetime. To optimize the usage of the entire energy reserve on a Qi-ferry, both the movement of the Qi-ferry itself and its wireless charging of sensor nodes(More)
Specific central nervous system (CNS) responses to acupuncture have recently attracted attention. It is important to understand the differences in fMRI images of the brain evoked by acupuncture at an acupoint and at a nearby "sham" point. Here, we report analyses of fMRI images of the brains of 37 healthy volunteers in response to acupuncture at Liv3(More)
gamma -aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS). During CNS development, the role of GABA is switched from an excitatory transmitter to an inhibitory transmitter, which is caused by an inhibition of calcium influx into postsynaptic neuron derived from release of GABA. The switch is influenced(More)
Cognitive and neuroscience studies indicate that attentional operations are impaired in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our goal was to define the anatomical areas of activation associated with visual attention processing and to define deficits or changes that may occur in AD patients compared with control group. Thirteen AD patients and 13 age- and(More)
Although most knowledge regarding antidepressant effects is at the receptor level, the neurophysiological correlates of these neurochemical changes remain poorly understood. Such an understanding could benefit from elucidation of antidepressant effects at the level of neural circuits, which would be crucial in identifying biomarkers for monitoring treatment(More)
High levels of beta-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA), a putative neurotoxin, have been reported in brain samples from Chamorros and patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) from western Canada. The authors assayed free BMAA in the brains of five control subjects and five patients with AD from the US Pacific Northwest as well as Chamorros with and without(More)
—Multiobjective evolutionary algorithm based on decomposition (MOEA/D) decomposes a multiobjective optimization problem into a set of scalar optimization subproblems and optimizes them in a collaborative manner. Subproblems and solutions are two sets of agents that naturally exist in MOEA/D. The selection of promising solutions for subproblems can be(More)