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AIM To examine the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of hepatitis B virus (HBV) related liver failure in patients in China. METHODS This study was conducted with a retrospective design to examine 1066 patients with HBV-related liver failure in the southwest of China. RESULTS There were more male than female patients. Young and middle-aged(More)
BACKGROUND The changing pattern of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection could have a significant impact on future medical prevention practices and therapies. OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to describe the changing pattern of HCV infection in southwest China using clinical epidemiology, and to assess the association between the genotypes(More)
We describe 46 Cryptococcus gattii-infected persons identified by population-based surveillance conducted in South Africa. Most patients with C. gattii infection presented with meningitis. The mortality rate during hospitalization was 36%. We found no significant differences between persons with and persons without C. gattii infection with regard to(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid dysfunction (TD) represents an extra-hepatic manifestation of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and it may also be a side effect of interferon-alpha (IFN-α) based treatment. However, previous studies have shown a wide variation in the incidence of TD in patients with CHC. Furthermore, the long-term outcomes and the predictive factors of TD in(More)
Interfacial properties currently hinder the performance of Si/organic heterojunction solar cells for an alternative to high-efficiency and low-cost photovoltaics. Here, we present a simple and repeatable wet oxidation method for developing the surface passivation layer, SiOx, on the Si surface for the fabrication of high-efficiency(More)
Light driven water splitting was achieved by a tandem dye-sensitized photoelectrochemical cell with two photoactive electrodes. The photoanode is constituted by an organic dye L0 as photosensitizer and a molecular complex Ru1 as water oxidation catalyst on meso-porous TiO2, while the photocathode is constructed with an organic dye P1 as photoabsorber and a(More)
We investigated a range of different mesoporous NiO electrodes prepared by different research groups and private firms in Europe to determine the parameters which influence good quality photoelectrochemical devices. This benchmarking study aims to solve some of the discrepancies in the literature regarding the performance of p-DSCs due to differences in the(More)
The aim of the study was to explore the factors in inadequate-responders to treatment with adefovir (ADV) with or without genotypic resistance. The reverse-transcriptase (RT) gene of hepatitis B virus (HBV) was sequenced in 161 patients with inadequate-response to ADV and analyzed for HBV genotypes using a phylogenetic approach. Seventy-six patients (47.2%)(More)