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BACKGROUND Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone-releasing peptide that also induces vasodilation, inhibits sympathetic nerve activity, and stimulates feeding through growth hormone-independent mechanisms. We investigated the effects of ghrelin on left ventricular (LV) function, exercise capacity, and muscle wasting in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).(More)
Metabolism of administered drugs is determined by expression and activity of many drug-metabolizing enzymes, such as the cytochrome P450 (P450s) family members. Pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a master transcriptional regulator of many drug/xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes, including P450s and drug transporters. In this study, we describe the functional(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 is an important drug-metabolizing enzyme, and its gene is known to be highly polymorphic. Here, we report five novel nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and 65 other sequence variations detected from the gene coding for cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 in 254 Japanese subjects. Two of the novel nonsynonymous SNPs were(More)
Six novel nonsynonymous nucleotide alterations were found in the cytochrome P450 1A2 gene in a Japanese population, which resulted in the following amino acid substitutions: T83M, E168Q, F186L, S212C, G299A, and T438I. These individuals were heterozygous for the amino acid substitutions. The potential functional alterations caused by the amino acid(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenomedullin (AM) is a potent pulmonary vasodilator peptide. However, whether intratracheal delivery of aerosolized AM has beneficial effects in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension remains unknown. Accordingly, we investigated the effects of AM inhalation on pulmonary hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients with(More)
Amiodarone has pharmacokinetic interactions with a number of therapeutic drugs, including warfarin, phenytoin, ‰ecainide, and cyclosporine. Metoprolol is mainly metabolized by CYP2D6, and desethylamiodarone, a metabolite of amiodarone, has a markedly greater inhibitory eŠect on CYP2D6 than amiodarone. Therefore, the goal of this study was to evaluate the(More)
Excretion in the urine is an important pathway for the elimination of nifekalant hydrochloride (NIF), a novel class III antiarrhythmic agent. Three patients with renal failure were undergoing hemodialysis and receiving NIF for the prevention of ischemia-induced ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Because NIF is not dialyzed, dose adjustment at relatively low(More)
We monitored the serum concentration of ceftriaxone (CTRX) in order to clarify its pharmacokinetics in pediatric patients. Subjects were 21 patients undergoing CTRX therapy (50 mg/kg/d) for pneumonia from January to September 2007. To determine the serum concentration of CTRX and to obtain other laboratory data, blood samples were drawn just before and(More)
OBJECTIVE Fasting (48h) in mice causes resistance to insulin-induced hypoglycemic seizures (IIHS) but in rats fasting (14-16h) predisposes IIHS. So we suspect the duration of fasting may possibly affect the onset of seizures and in this study, we investigated the IIHS by administering 8 Units (U) insulin (INS)/k.g., intraperitoneally to 8 weeks old male(More)
Pruni cortex, the bark of Prunus jamasakura Siebold ex Koidzumi, has been used in the Japanese systems of medicine for many years for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antitussive properties. In this study, we investigated the effect of pruni cortex on atopic dermatitis NC/Nga mouse model. Atopic dermatitis-like lesion was induced by the application of(More)