Learn More
The DNA base-modified product 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is one of the most commonly used markers for the evaluation of oxidative DNA damage. A monoclonal antibody specific for 8-OHdG (N45.1) was characterized and applied in quantitative immunohistochemistry. N45.1 recognized both the modified base and deoxyribose structure of 8-OHdG and required(More)
There is growing evidence that oxidative stress and mitochondrial respiratory failure with attendant decrease in energy output are implicated in nigral neuronal death in Parkinson disease (PD). It is not known, however, which cellular elements (neurons or glial cells) are major targets of oxygen-mediated damage. 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) was shown earlier(More)
Oxidative stress in the myocardium may play an important role in the pathogenesis of congestive heart failure (HF). However, the cellular sources and mechanisms for the enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the failing myocardium remain unknown. The amount of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances increased in the canine HF hearts(More)
Methylglyoxal (MG), an endogenous metabolite that increases in diabetes and is a common intermediate in the Maillard reaction (glycation), reacts with proteins and forms advanced glycation end products. In the present study, we identify a novel MG-arginine adduct and also characterize the structure of a major fluorescent adduct. In addition, we describe the(More)
BACKGROUND It has recently been recognized that there is a close relationship between spinal cord tethering (SCT) and congenital anorectal malformation (ARM). PATIENTS AND METHODS We evaluated spinal MRI examinations of 28 patients with ARM (14 boys and 14 girls) aged 5 months to 9 years. All patients diagnosed with SCT subsequently underwent operation.(More)
To investigate the physiological role of a kidney-specific chloride channel (ClC-K1), we sought to determine its exact localization by immunohistochemistry and its functional regulation using Xenopus oocyte expression system. The antiserum specifically recognized a 70-kD protein in SDS-PAGE of membrane protein from rat inner medulla and an in vitro(More)
The crystal structure of a pepstatin-insensitive carboxyl proteinase from Pseudomonas sp. 101 (PSCP) has been solved by single-wavelength anomalous diffraction using the absorption peak of bromide anions. Structures of the uninhibited enzyme and of complexes with an inhibitor that was either covalently or noncovalently bound were refined at 1.0-1.4 A(More)
A total of 12 clinically ill cats previously diagnosed as feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) were treated with a combination of recombinant feline interferon and glucocorticoid. A complete remission (over 2 years) and a partial remission (2 to 5 months) were observed in four (33.3%) and four (33.3%) cases, respectively. Those that survived for more than 2(More)
The mitochondrion-rich cells (MRCs) in teleost gill and equivalent tissues are important osmoregulatory sites in maintaining ionic balance. These cells express a variety of ion pumps, transporters, and channels, which play central roles in ionic regulation. Recently, two types of MRCs have been identified in euryhaline fishes: seawater (SW)-type MRCs(More)
UV irradiation stimulates expression of the gene encoding the key enzyme chalcone synthase (CHS), which leads to the generation of protective flavonoids in parsley cell cultures. CHS transcripts increase after 3 to 4 hr, and early genes are involved in the signal transduction to the CHS promoter. By using the fluorescent differential display technique in a(More)