Kazuyuki Uchida

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To investigate the physiological role of a kidney-specific chloride channel (ClC-K1), we sought to determine its exact localization by immunohistochemistry and its functional regulation using Xenopus oocyte expression system. The antiserum specifically recognized a 70-kD protein in SDS-PAGE of membrane protein from rat inner medulla and an in vitro(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although autoimmunity may be involved in some cases of pancreatitis, the mechanism is still unknown. To clarify this, we studied serum autoantibodies, subsets of lymphocytes, and the Th1/Th2 balance of cellular immune responses in patients with autoimmune-related pancreatitis (AIP). METHODS Seventeen patients with AIP (8 men and 9 women;(More)
There is growing evidence that oxidative stress and mitochondrial respiratory failure with attendant decrease in energy output are implicated in nigral neuronal death in Parkinson disease (PD). It is not known, however, which cellular elements (neurons or glial cells) are major targets of oxygen-mediated damage. 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) was shown earlier(More)
Oxidative stress in the myocardium may play an important role in the pathogenesis of congestive heart failure (HF). However, the cellular sources and mechanisms for the enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the failing myocardium remain unknown. The amount of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances increased in the canine HF hearts(More)
During the ten years from 1980 to 1989 inclusive, a total of 468 (16.1%) tumors were found in 2,907 pathological samples from domestic animals, collected from Southern Kyushu, around Miyazaki City. In this study, canine tumors were collected most commonly (340/468 cases, 73%). In small animals, the skin and mammary gland were associated particularly with(More)
Lipoprotein peroxidation, especially the modification of apolipoprotein B-100, has been implicated to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, there have been few detailed insights into the chemical mechanism of derivatization of apolipoproteins during oxidation. In the present study, we provide evidence that the formation of(More)
UV irradiation stimulates expression of the gene encoding the key enzyme chalcone synthase (CHS), which leads to the generation of protective flavonoids in parsley cell cultures. CHS transcripts increase after 3 to 4 hr, and early genes are involved in the signal transduction to the CHS promoter. By using the fluorescent differential display technique in a(More)
The DNA base-modified product 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is one of the most commonly used markers for the evaluation of oxidative DNA damage. A monoclonal antibody specific for 8-OHdG (N45.1) was characterized and applied in quantitative immunohistochemistry. N45.1 recognized both the modified base and deoxyribose structure of 8-OHdG and required(More)
DIRECT (Diabetes Incidence after Renal Transplantation: Neoral C(2) Monitoring Versus Tacrolimus) was a 6-month, open-label, randomized, multicenter study which used American Diabetes Association/World Health Organization criteria to define glucose abnormalities. De novo renal transplant patients were randomized to cyclosporine microemulsion (CsA-ME, using(More)
Generation of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide in hypoxia-reperfusion injury may form a cytotoxic metabolite, peroxynitrite, which is capable of causing lipid peroxidation and DNA damage. This study was designed to examine the contribution of oxidative and nitrosative stress to the renal damage in ischemic acute renal failure (iARF). iARF was(More)