Learn More
BACKGROUND EMR and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) are used frequently to remove colon neoplasms. However, the predominance of these procedures has not yet been thoroughly explored. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and adverse events related to EMR with those related to ESD for colon neoplasms. DESIGN A meta-analysis of 8 studies published(More)
A susceptibility propagation that is constructed by combining a belief propagation and a linear response method is used for approximate computation for Markov random fields. Herein, we formulate an improved susceptibility propagation by using the concept of a diagonal matching method that is based on mean-field approaches to inverse Ising problems. The(More)
The miscibility of a drug with excipients in solid dispersions is considered to be one of the most important factors for preparation of stable amorphous solid dispersions. The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the feasibility of (1)H-NMR spin-lattice relaxation measurements to assess the miscibility of a drug with excipients. Solid dispersions(More)
Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) have spread in both poultry and wild birds. Determining transmission routes of these viruses during an outbreak is essential for the control of avian influenza. It has been widely postulated that migratory ducks play crucial roles in the widespread dissemination of HPAIVs in poultry by carrying viruses(More)
Scattering coumarin derivative rodenticides in broad areas have caused primary- and secondary-poisoning incidents in non-target wild birds. In this study, we compared factors determining warfarin sensitivity between bird species and rats based on vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase (VKOR) kinetics, VKOR inhibition by warfarin and warfarin metabolism assays. In(More)
The framework is presented of Bayesian image restoration for multi-valued images by means of the multi-state classical spin systems. Hyperparameters in the probabilistic models are determined so as to maximize the marginal likelihood. A practical algorithm is described for multi-valued image restoration based on loopy belief propagations in probabilistic(More)