Kazuyuki Sato

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A causative agent, provisionally designated as CARS, was isolated from the enlarged submaxillary gland of rat which was characterized as a sialoadenitis, using mouse-derived Balb/c3T3 clone A31 (3T3) cell culture. The virus could be propagated in 3T3 cell culture where it produced multinucleated giant cells and formed clear plaques. It was identified as a(More)
The disposition of a polymeric prodrug of mitomycin C (MMC), mitomycin C-dextran conjugate (MMC-D), was studied in the single-pass perfused rat liver in order to clarify the effect of physico-chemical properties, such as molecular weight and electric charge, on the hepatic uptake of MMC-D. Six types of MMC-D were used: both cationic MMC-D (MMC-Dcat) and(More)
A practical and highly enantioselective Reformatsky reaction of ethyl bromodifluoroacetate with imines using a cheap and commercially available amino alcohol ligand is described. A variety of α,α-difluoro-β-lactams were obtained in up to 74% yield with high enantioselectivity in excess of 99% ee. The use of ethyl bromodifluoroacetate provides for ease of(More)
Synthesis of alpha-CF(3) carbonyl compounds has been recognized to be difficult up to now because the polarization of CF(3)(delta-)-I(delta+) is opposite to that of CH(3)(delta+)-I(delta-), and this makes it difficult to introduce CF(3)(+) unit to enolates. We recently reported an effective alpha-trifluoromethylation of ketones by using Et(2)Zn with Rh(More)
An asymmetric reductive aldol-type reaction of α,β-unsaturated esters with carbonyl compounds using Rh catalyst and Et2Zn was investigated. A chiral zinc complex from α,β-unsaturated ester was easily generated as the key intermediate from Et2Zn and Wilkinson's catalyst with diisopropyl L-(+)-tartrate to give a variety of enantioenriched β-hydroxy esters.(More)
Oxidative Sonogashira cross-coupling reactions of (E)-trimethyl(3,3,3-trifluoroprop-1-enyl)silane with arylacetylene were achieved using silver fluoride and a palladium catalyst, to afford high yields of various 1,3-enynes with a CF3 group on the terminal sp(2) carbon. Silver fluoride promoted C-Si bond dissociation and oxidation of palladium, enabling(More)
Treatment of alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones with CF(3)I in the presence of Et(2)Zn and RhCl(PPh(3))(3) gave novel alpha-trifluoromethylation products in good yields. Hydrogen transfer from the ethyl group on the rhodium complex to the beta-position of the enone seems to play an important role in this reaction.
A nickel-catalyzed Negishi coupling of bromodifluoroacetamides with arylzinc reagents has been developed. This reaction allows access to difluoromethylated aromatic compounds containing a variety of aryl groups and amide moieties. Furthermore, highly effective transformation of the functionalized difluoromethyl group (-CF2CONR(1)R(2)) was realized via(More)
An enantioselective Reformatsky reaction has been developed for the reaction of ethyl dibromofluoroacetate (1) with an imine. This method represents the first ligand-promoted imino-Reformatsky approach to use a halofluoroacetate. The use of an amino alcohol ligand allowed for the preparation of enantioenriched α-bromo-α-fluoro-β-lactams in good yields with(More)