Learn More
Heterotrimeric G proteins, composed of α, β, and γ subunits, can transduce a variety of signals from seven-transmembrane-type receptors to intracellular effectors. By whole-exome sequencing and subsequent mutation screening, we identified de novo heterozygous mutations in GNAO1, which encodes a Gαo subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, in four individuals(More)
We have documented the time-dependent production of chemotactic cytokine, i.e., IL-8, in the extracellular fluid of astrocyte-rich cultured rat cerebellar granule cells under acidified conditions. In this paper, the mechanism of this production was evaluated based on the production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Significant and time-dependent increases of(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS) of glycoproteins is an emerging field in proteomics, poised to meet the technical demand for elucidation of the structural complexity and functions of the oligosaccharide components of molecules. Considering the divergence of the mass spectrometric methods employed for oligosaccharide analysis in recent publications, it is necessary(More)
PURPOSE KCNQ2 mutations have been found in patients with benign familial neonatal seizures, myokymia, or early onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE). In this study, we aimed to delineate the clinical spectrum of EOEE associated with KCNQ2 mutation. METHODS A total of 239 patients with EOEE, including 51 cases with Ohtahara syndrome and 104 cases with West(More)
Abnormalities in the protocadherin 19 (PCDH19) gene cause early-onset epilepsy exclusively in females. We aimed to explore the genetic and clinical characteristics of PCDH19-related epilepsy by focusing on its early features and treatment efficacy. PCDH19 was analyzed in 159 Japanese female patients with early-onset epilepsy via direct sequencing and(More)
Slingshot-1L (SSH1L), a cofilin-phosphatase, plays a role in actin dynamics and cell migration by reactivating cofilin-1. However, the expression of SSH1L in malignant diseases is poorly understood. The overexpression of SSH1L in cancerous tissue compared to the matched surrounding non-cancerous tissues from patients with late stages (III-IV) of PC was(More)
Pancreatic cancer remains a devastating disease and >96% of patients with pancreatic cancer do not survive for more than 5 years. Gemcitabine (2'-deoxy-2'-difluoro-deoxycytidine: Gemzar) appears to be the only clinically effective drug for pancreatic cancer, but it has little impact on outcome. Proteomic analysis of gemcitabine-sensitive cells (KLM1) and(More)
Gastric cancer is the most common cancer in Japan and infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is responsible for about 10% of gastric cancers worldwide. Although EBV infection may be involved at an early stage of gastric carcinogenesis, the mechanisms underlying its involvement remain unknown. To investigate the role of EBV in gastric carcinogenesis, we(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common fatal cancers, and chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is thought to be one of the main causes in Japan. To identify diagnostic or therapeutic biomarkers for HCC associated with HCV (HCV-HCC), we tried to elucidate the factors related to the products from cancerous tissues of HCV-infected(More)