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We report brain MRI findings in four patients with typical Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) and correlate them with clinical manifestations. MRI was interpreted as normal in two patients; cerebral and cerebellar atrophy was seen in the other two. On T2-weighted spin-echo images, two patients had high-signal lesions bilaterally in subcortical white matter,(More)
We report the radiographical findings of a rare case of intraosseous schwannoma of the mandible. The tumour that presented as a unilocular, well-defined, radiolucent lesion on plain radiography was located in the molar region. On CT, the tumour was a well-demarcated mass with no periosteal reaction and no destruction of the bone cortex. Destructive changes(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the shapes of roots of impacted teeth shown in three-dimensional computed tomographic images (3D Dental-computed tomography (CT) images) and plain radiographs and to determine whether 3D Dental-CT images are useful for examination before performing an operation for extraction of a maxillary impacted tooth. METHODS AND PATIENTS Images(More)
Contracture of jaw-closing muscles is one of the causes of limitations of jaw opening. In contracture patients who have no history of trauma or infection, it is not easy to distinguish contracture from temporomandibular joint (TMJ) closed lock (TCL). The purpose of this study was to clarify whether there is any difference between electromyographic (EMG)(More)
Contracture of the jaw-closing muscles is one of the causes of limitation of jaw opening. This study examined whether there is any difference between the EMG activities of jaw-closing muscles during jaw opening in healthy people and in patients with masseter muscle contracture (MMC), who do not have a history of trauma or infection. The patient group(More)
Gas in the joint space was observed in three patients with condylar fracture who were referred for CT examinations of the mandible. CT showed that the condylar fractures were non-open fractures. The gas was only observed in the intrajoint capsule of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Follow-up CT, 4 days after the initial CT, showed that the gas in the(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify whether hot pack therapy can change the blood flow of human masseter muscles. Thirty-two healthy subjects with no history of muscle pain in the masticatory system participated and were divided into two groups. One group underwent proper hot pack therapy (hot pack group) and the other underwent sham hot pack therapy(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine by CT and MRI the contents of static bone cavities (SBCs), which are thought to be formed by aberration of the submandibular gland. METHODS Non-contrast-enhanced and contrast-enhanced CT was performed on 12 subjects (10 male and 2 female; age 18-64 years; mean age 57 years) in whom SBCs had been discovered incidentally on panoramic(More)
Intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt is a rare clinical entity; only 33 such cases have been reported. It may be congenital, or secondary to portal hypertension. Five patients with this disorder are presented, each of whom was diagnosed by color Doppler imaging, including waveform spectral analysis. One patient with clinical evidence of cirrhosis and(More)
This study investigated the energy metabolism of masseter muscles by 31P-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) during increased blood flow induced by hot pack application to clarify the influence of changes in blood flow on muscle fatigue. Twelve healthy subjects with no history of muscle pain in the masticatory system participated in this study. The(More)