Kazuyuki Ishii

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Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a synaptic modulator as well as a neuroprotectant. Currently, pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) is thought to be the major H(2)S-producing enzyme in the brain. We recently found that brain homogenates of CBS-knockout mice, even in the absence of PLP, produce H(2)S at levels similar to those(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is recognized as a neuromodulator as well as neuroprotectant in the brain. H2S can be produced from cysteine by enzymes such as cystathionine beta-synthase. However, a mechanism for releasing H2S under physiologic conditions has not been identified. Here we show that H2S is released from bound sulfur, an intracellular store of sulfur,(More)
Polysulfide is a bound sulfur species derived from endogenous H2S. When mouse neuroblastoma, Neuro2A cells were exposed to tert-butyl hydroperoxide after treatment with polysulfide, a significant decline in cell toxicity was observed. Rapid uptake of polysulfides induced translocation of Nrf2 into the nucleus, resulting in acceleration of GSH synthesis and(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) has one free thiol residue at Cys-34 that is likely oxidized by various reactive oxygen species (ROS). We attempted to identify the oxidation product of Cys-34 of HSA following exposure of plasma to ROS. Oxidation induced by tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BuOOH) of this free cysteine residue in HSA was observed in detail. Analysis of(More)
Shewanella is an electrogenic microbe that has significant content of c type cytochromes (ca. 0.5 mM). This feature allows the optical absorption spectra of the cell-membrane-associated proteins to be monitored in vivo in the course of extracellular respiratory electron-transfer reactions. The results show significant differences to those obtained in vitro(More)
In this work, we examined the antioxidant role of mucin, a typical sialic acid containing high-molecular weight glycoprotein. The function of mucin as a hydroxyl radical (.OH) scavenger was characterized using bovine submaxillary gland mucin (BSM). Non-treated BSM effectively protected DNA from the attack of .OH; however, desialylated BSM lost this(More)
Irinotecan (7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]-carbonyloxycamptothecin; CPT-11) is a widely used potent antitumor drug that inhibits mammalian DNA topoisomerase I (Topo I); however, overexpression of ABCG2 (BCRP/MXR/ABCP) can confer cancer cell resistance to SN-38, the active form of CPT-11. We have recently demonstrated that plasma membrane(More)
OBJECTIVES Nanomaterials are currently used in electronics, industrial materials, cosmetics, and medicine because they have useful physicochemical properties, such as strength, conductivity, durability, and chemical stability. As these materials have become widespread, many questions have arisen regarding their effects on health and the environment. In(More)