Kazuyuki Ishihara

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Galanin (GAL), a 29-amino-acid neuropeptide, is involved in various neuronal functions, including the regulation of food intake, hormone secretion and central cardiovascular regulation. The nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) is known to plays a major role in the regulation of cardiovascular, respiratory, gustatory, hepatic and swallowing functions.(More)
One major pathogenic factor of Porphyromonas gingivalis is Arg-gingipain (Rgp), an arginine-specific cysteine proteinase. To clarify the effect of rgpA DNA vaccine, we immunized BALB/c mice via the abdomen with a Gene Gun or via the nasal cavity weekly for 6 weeks. After immunization, the mice were challenged orally with P. gingivalis. Immunization elicited(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking is a risk factor for periodontitis. To clarify the contribution of smoking to periodontitis, it is essential to assess the relationship between smoking and the subgingival microflora. The aim of this study was to gain an insight into the influence of smoking on the microflora of Japanese patients with periodontitis. METHODS Sixty-seven(More)
BACKGROUND A number of studies have revealed a link between chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular disease in obese patients. However, there is little information about the influence of periodontitis-associated bacteria, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), on pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in obesity. METHODS In vivo experiment: C57BL/6J mice were fed with(More)
BACKGROUND Porphyromonas gingivalis has been implicated as a major pathogen in the development and progression of chronic periodontitis. P. gingivalis biofilm formation in the subgingival crevice plays an important role in the ability of the bacteria to tolerate stress signals outside the cytoplasmic membrane. Some bacteria use a distinct subfamily of sigma(More)
Vinculin, a 116-kDa membrane cytoskeletal protein, is an important molecule for cell adhesion; however, little is known about its other cellular functions. Here, we demonstrated that vinculin binds to Rab5 and is required for Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) uptake in cells. Viunculin directly bound to Rab5 and enhanced the activation of S. aureus uptake.(More)
Capnocytophaga ochracea is present in the dental plaque biofilm of patients with periodontitis. Biofilm cells change their phenotype through quorum sensing in response to fluctuations in cell-population density. Quorum sensing is mediated by auto-inducers (AIs). AI-2 is involved in intercellular signaling, and production of its distant precursor is(More)
BACKGROUND Treponema denticola is strongly associated with the development of periodontal disease. Both synergistic and antagonistic effects are observed among bacterial species in the process of biofilm formation. Bacteriocin-related genes have not yet been fully characterized in periodontopathic bacteria. The aim of this study was to detect and(More)
This paper describes the asset management system (AMS) that enables sharing, manipulation and version management of various digital data in production workflow at OLM Digital. In the past, our digital asset has been managed by each film work manager. Each manager uses his own file and directory naming convention. Unfortunately, these rules were sometimes(More)
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