Kazuyuki Ishihara

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KamLAND has measured the flux of nu;(e)'s from distant nuclear reactors. We find fewer nu;(e) events than expected from standard assumptions about nu;(e) propagation at the 99.95% C.L. In a 162 ton.yr exposure the ratio of the observed inverse beta-decay events to the expected number without nu;(e) disappearance is 0.611+/-0.085(stat)+/-0.041(syst) for(More)
We present an analysis of atmospheric neutrino data from a 33.0 kiloton-year (535-day) exposure of the Super{Kamiokande detector. The data exhibit a zenith angle dependent decit of muon neutrinos which is inconsistent with expectations based on calculations of the atmospheric neutrino ux. Experimental biases and uncertainties in the prediction of neutrino(More)
We present results of a study of neutrino oscillation based on a 766 ton/year exposure of KamLAND to reactor antineutrinos. We observe 258 nu (e) candidate events with energies above 3.4 MeV compared to 365.2+/-23.7 events expected in the absence of neutrino oscillation. Accounting for 17.8+/-7.3 expected background events, the statistical significance for(More)
In the cobalt focus experimental epilepsy model, severe hippocampal neuron damage occurs with marked EEG changes. The effects of TJ-960, a herbal medicine formulation, were studied on neuron damage in the CA1 area of rat hippocampus. Continuous oral administration of TJ-960 from one month prior to the cobalt application showed almost complete protection(More)
This article is a survey study, followed by an experimental study, examining the differences of sleep-wake habits and sleep electroencephalographic (EEG) variables between morning and evening type subjects (Ss). In the survey study, the Japanese version of the Horne and Ostberg Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire and Life Habits Inventory (LHI) were(More)
A questionnaire concerning sleep-related lifestyle, and physical and mental health was administered to the students of junior high schools (12-15 years), high schools (15-18 years), and universities. While bedtime linearly delayed with age throughout the adolescence (from junior high school to university age), rise time remained constant until high school(More)
The Japanese version of the morningness-eveningness questionnaire and life habits inventory were administered to approximately 400 workers and the changes in morningness-eveningness scores and sleep-wake habits with aging were investigated. All subjects were divided into four age groups, i.e., 20's, 30's, 40's, and 50 + 60's. Morningness-eveningness scores(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) mediates signals of various growth factors and cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6). In certain IL-6-responsive cell lines, the stat3 gene is autoregulated by STAT3 through a composite IL-6 response element in its promoter that contains a STAT3-binding element (SBE) and a cyclic AMP-responsive(More)
Muon neutrino disappearance probability as a function of neutrino flight length L over neutrino energy E was studied. A dip in the L/E distribution was observed in the data, as predicted from the sinusoidal flavor transition probability of neutrino oscillation. The observed L/E distribution constrained nu(micro)<-->nu(tau) neutrino oscillation parameters;(More)
BACKGROUND Brodmann brain maps, assembled in 1909, are still in use, but understanding of their animal-human homology is uncertain. Furthermore, in 1909, Brodmann did not identify human area 12 (BA12), a location now important to understanding of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). METHODS We re-examined Brodmann's areas, both animal and human, in(More)