Kazuyuki Isenoumi

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We examined the contributions of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) family [extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 kinase (p38), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)] to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced neurotoxicity in the rat retina. Detection of apoptotic cell death in the retinal ganglion cell layer (RGCL) and the inner nuclear(More)
RhoA, a key protein involved in cytoskeleton regulation modulating neurogenesis and neural plasticity, has been implicated in a variety of cellular functions including the modulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activity. We examined its possible involvement in NMDA-induced excitotoxicity in the retina, and evaluated the neuroprotective effect of(More)
Transcription factors of the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB)/Rel family may be involved in neuronal cell death or survival. We examined the role of NF-kappaB p65 in N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced neurotoxicity in the rat retina. Western blot analysis showed that elevated levels of retinal NF-kappaB p65 protein at days 1 and 5 after intravitreal NMDA(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) can regulate aqueous humor production in the eye and has recently been suggested to play some functional roles in the retina. It has also been reported that ANP increases tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA levels and intracellular dopamine levels in PC12 cells. The effect of ANP on TH levels and the role of ANP in retinal(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) may affect dopaminergic cells, which contain tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in dopamine synthesis. To clarify the involvement of TH in the neuroprotective effects of nitric oxide (NO), we investigated whether NMDA alters TH mRNA and TH protein levels and whether NO inhibits NMDA-induced changes in the rat(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether an excitotoxic concentration of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) increases the expression of the phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein (p-CREB) and the DNA-binding activity of the cAMP response element (CRE) in rat retina. Intravitreal injection of NMDA was performed in adult male Wistar rats.(More)
We examined the effect of nipradilol on contraction of the posterior ciliary artery induced by high potassium or norepinephrine and on cyclic GMP (cGMP) levels in the posterior ciliary artery of dogs. Nipradilol caused dose-dependent relaxation of KCl-and norepinephrine-induced contractions of posterior ciliary artery. The relaxant effect of nipradilol on(More)
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