Kazuyuki Hoshijima

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Members of the Rh glycoprotein family have been shown to be involved in ammonia transport in a variety of species. Here we show that zebrafish Rhcg1, a member of the Rh glycoprotein family, is highly expressed in the yolk sac, gill, and renal tubules. Molecular cloning and characterization indicate that zebrafish Rhcg1 shares 82% sequence identity with the(More)
Uptake of Na(+) from the environment is an indispensable strategy for the survival of freshwater fish, as they easily lose Na(+) from the plasma to a diluted environment. Nevertheless, the location of and molecules involved in Na(+) uptake remain poorly understood. In this study, we utilized Sodium Green, a Na(+)-dependent fluorescent reagent, to provide(More)
The zebrafish is a powerful experimental system for uncovering gene function in vertebrate organisms. Nevertheless, studies in the zebrafish have been limited by the approaches available for eliminating gene function. Here we present simple and efficient methods for inducing, detecting, and recovering mutations at virtually any locus in the zebrafish.(More)
Sex-specific alternative processing of doublesex (dsx) precursor messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) regulates somatic sexual differentiation in Drosophila melanogaster. Cotransfection analyses in which the dsx gene and the female-specific transformer (tra) and transformer-2 (tra-2) complementary DNAs were expressed in Drosophila Kc cells revealed that female-specific(More)
T-box genes encode transcription factors that play critical roles in generating the vertebrate body plan. In many developmental fields, multiple T-box genes are expressed in overlapping domains, establishing broad regions in which different combinations of T-box genes are coexpressed. Here we demonstrate that three T-box genes expressed in the zebrafish(More)
We tested the capability of the endocrine system in zebrafish to respond to environmental salinity challenges during larval stages. We reveal that the zebrafish larvae have a system in which several endocrine genes, including atrial natriuretic peptide (anp), renin, prolactin, growth hormone ( gh) and parathyroid hormone 1 (pth1), respond at the(More)
Mitochondrion-rich cells (MRCs), or ionocytes, play a central role in aquatic species, maintaining body fluid ionic homeostasis by actively taking up or excreting ions. Since their first description in 1932 in eel gills, extensive morphological and physiological analyses have yielded important insights into ionocyte structure and function, but understanding(More)
1. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) binding cassette (ABC) transporters form one of the largest protein families encoded in the human genome, and more than 48 genes encoding human ABC transporters have been identified and sequenced. It has been reported that mutations of ABC protein genes are causative in several genetic disorders in humans. 2. Many human(More)
Somatic sexual differentiation in Drosophila melanogaster is accomplished by a hierarchy of genes of which one, Sex-lethal (Sxl), is required for the functional female-specific splicing of the transcripts of the immediately downstream regulatory gene, transformer (tra). The first exon of the tra primary transcript is spliced to one of two acceptor sites.(More)
FXYD proteins, small single-transmembrane proteins, have been proposed to be auxiliary regulatory subunits of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and have recently been implied in ion osmoregulation of teleost fish. In freshwater (FW) fish, numerous ions are actively taken up through mitochondrion-rich cells (MRCs) of the gill and skin epithelia, using the Na(+)(More)