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Members of the Rh glycoprotein family have been shown to be involved in ammonia transport in a variety of species. Here we show that zebrafish Rhcg1, a member of the Rh glycoprotein family, is highly expressed in the yolk sac, gill, and renal tubules. Molecular cloning and characterization indicate that zebrafish Rhcg1 shares 82% sequence identity with the(More)
Uptake of Na(+) from the environment is an indispensable strategy for the survival of freshwater fish, as they easily lose Na(+) from the plasma to a diluted environment. Nevertheless, the location of and molecules involved in Na(+) uptake remain poorly understood. In this study, we utilized Sodium Green, a Na(+)-dependent fluorescent reagent, to provide(More)
Sex-specific alternative processing of doublesex (dsx) precursor messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) regulates somatic sexual differentiation in Drosophila melanogaster. Cotransfection analyses in which the dsx gene and the female-specific transformer (tra) and transformer-2 (tra-2) complementary DNAs were expressed in Drosophila Kc cells revealed that female-specific(More)
The zebrafish is a powerful experimental system for uncovering gene function in vertebrate organisms. Nevertheless, studies in the zebrafish have been limited by the approaches available for eliminating gene function. Here we present simple and efficient methods for inducing, detecting, and recovering mutations at virtually any locus in the zebrafish.(More)
FXYD proteins, small single-transmembrane proteins, have been proposed to be auxiliary regulatory subunits of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and have recently been implied in ion osmoregulation of teleost fish. In freshwater (FW) fish, numerous ions are actively taken up through mitochondrion-rich cells (MRCs) of the gill and skin epithelia, using the Na(+)(More)
The heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA) is widely used to characterize strain variants of human viruses. To determine whether it can detect small sequence differences in homologous templates, we constructed a series of deletion constructs (1-10 bp deletions) in the multiple cloning site (MCS) of pBluescript II. After PCR amplification of the MCS using a(More)
Somatic sexual differentiation in Drosophila melanogaster is accomplished by a hierarchy of genes of which one, Sex-lethal (Sxl), is required for the functional female-specific splicing of the transcripts of the immediately downstream regulatory gene, transformer (tra). The first exon of the tra primary transcript is spliced to one of two acceptor sites.(More)
We tested the capability of the endocrine system in zebrafish to respond to environmental salinity challenges during larval stages. We reveal that the zebrafish larvae have a system in which several endocrine genes, including atrial natriuretic peptide (anp), renin, prolactin, growth hormone ( gh) and parathyroid hormone 1 (pth1), respond at the(More)
Nrf2, an NF-E2-related transcription factor, plays a critical role in transcriptional upregulation of many target genes, including those for metabolizing enzymes and transporters essential for cellular defense in response to oxidative and/or electrophilic stress. In the present study, we have studied the potential involvement of Nrf2 in induction of human(More)
The receptors for the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)/adrenomedullin (AM) family peptides were characterized in the mefugu Takifugu obscurus, a euryhaline fugu species very close to Takifugu rubripes, which has as many as five adrenomedullin genes (AM1-5). CGRP and AM share a G protein-coupled core receptor called calcitonin receptor-like receptor(More)