Kazuyuki Hirayae

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strain B2 is an effective biocontrol agent against gray mold of cyclamen, caused by Botrytis cinerea Persoon. Strain B2 has strong antifungal activity against B. cinerea in vitro. The culture filtrate was found to contain different types of chitinolytic enzyme activity, including endochitinase and chitobiase activity. Four chitinolytic enzymes were detected(More)
Ustilaginoidea virens is the causal agent of false smut disease of rice. In this study, we developed a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to clarify the relationship between false smut occurrence on rice and quantification of U. virens from soil in Japan. The method here described is sensitive, detecting less than 50 fg of pathogen DNA, and(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) plays an important role in plants, including responses to abiotic as well as biotic stresses. A survey of the rice (Oryza sativa) genome database indicated the presence of 17 PLD genes in the genome, among which OsPLDa1, OsPLDa5, and OsPLDb1 were highly expressed in most tissues studied. To examine the physiological function of PLD in(More)
Two pectinolytic enzymes were purified from the culture broth of Pseudomonas marginalis pv. marginalis MAFF 03-01173 with total 33% recovery of the initial activity. From the substrate specificities against pectin and polygalacturonic acid, the requirement of calcium ion for the enzymatic activity, and the N-terminal sequences, the enzymes were identified(More)
In order to clone and analyse the avirulence gene AVR-Pia from Japanese field isolates of Magnaporthe oryzae, a mutant of the M. oryzae strain Ina168 was isolated. This mutant, which was named Ina168m95-1, gained virulence towards the rice cultivar Aichi-asahi, which contains the resistance gene Pia. A DNA fragment (named PM01) that was deleted in the(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) plays an important role in plants, including responses to abiotic as well as biotic stresses. A survey of the rice (Oryza sativa) genome database indicated the presence of 17 PLD genes in the genome, among which OsPLDalpha1, OsPLDalpha5, and OsPLDbeta1 were highly expressed in most tissues studied. To examine the physiological function(More)
We analyzed the avirulence gene AVR-Pita1 in Japanese rice blast isolates to determine how they gain virulence toward rice cultivars containing the Pita resistance gene. An avirulent isolate, OS99-G-7a (G7a), from a Japanese commercial field contained two paralogs of AVR-Pita1, designated as AVR-Pita1(JA) and AVR-Pita1(JB). Analysis of virulent, independent(More)
False smut, caused by Ustilaginoidea virens, is a serious disease of rice worldwide. To evaluate false smut resistance in rice, we developed a method combining the cultivation of the main culm of rice plants in the greenhouse and rapid preparation of a conidial suspension to inject into the leaf sheath. The method was used to evaluate false smut resistance(More)
Fusarium asiaticum infects cereal crops and produces trichothecenes such as deoxynivalenol and nivalenol. To determine the trichothecene induction mechanism, effects of carbon sources on the production of deoxynivalenol, nivalenol, 3-acetyl deoxynivalenol (3ADON), and 4-acetyl nivalenol (4ANIV) were examined in liquid cultures incubated with various(More)
This article was originally published in a journal by OMICS Publishing Group, and the attached copy is provided by OMICS Publishing Group for the author’s benefit and for the benefit of the author’s institution, for commercial/research/educational use including without limitation use in instruction at your institution, sending it to specific colleagues that(More)