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Impaired ability to infer the mental states of others (theory of mind; ToM) is considered to be a key contributor to the poor social functioning of patients with schizophrenia. Although neuroimaging and lesion studies have provided empirical evidence for the neural basis of ToM ability, including the involvement of several prefrontal and temporal(More)
Evidence suggests that a disruption in limbic system network integrity and, in particular, the cingulate gyrus may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The cingulum bundles (CBs; posterior and anterior) are the most prominent white matter tracts in the limbic system, furnishing both input and output to the cingulate gyrus . In previous(More)
Previous studies have indicated abnormal fiber connectivity of the corpus callosum (CC) in schizophrenia. This study investigated whether the interfrontal commissural region of the CC is decreased in schizophrenia, by partitioning the CC using a function-anatomically relevant internal landmark derived from tractographic analysis of diffusion tensor imaging(More)
Structural abnormalities of the amygdala and impaired facial emotion recognition have been reported in schizophrenia. Most studies demonstrated reduced amygdalar volumes in schizophrenia patients, and difficulty in recognizing negative facial emotions has also been reported. However, findings on the deficit in facial emotion recognition have been(More)
BACKGROUND People at ultra high risk (UHR) of psychosis have an elevated risk of developing a psychotic disorder, but it is difficult to predict which individuals will make a transition to frank illness. We investigated whether functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in conjunction with a phonological fluency task at presentation could distinguish(More)
A number of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have revealed morphological cortical asymmetry in the normal human brain, and reduction or inversion of such hemispheric asymmetry has been reported in schizophrenia. On the other hand, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have reported inconsistent findings concerning abnormal asymmetry of white matter(More)
BACKGROUND The pathology of schizophrenia is thought to involve multiple gray and white matter regions. A number of studies have revealed impaired social cognition in schizophrenia. Some evidence suggests an association of this social cognition deficit with gray matter reductions in 'social brain' areas. However, no study has yet revealed the association(More)
Intracranial volume (ICV) is usually treated as a global or nuisance covariate in almost all volumetric studies of schizophrenia. However, validation for this analytic method has seldom been accomplished. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of ICV on gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) volumes. Sixty-three patients with schizophrenia and(More)
To identify the brain regions involved in the interpretation of intentional movement by patients with schizophrenia, we investigated the association between cerebral gray matter (GM) volumes and performance on a theory of mind (ToM) task using voxel-based morphometry. Eighteen patients with schizophrenia and thirty healthy controls participated in the(More)
Impaired social cognition in schizophrenia is considered as the core contributor in the poor psychosocial functioning of schizophrenic patients. In this study, in order to better understand the neurobiological processes underlying social dysfunction in schizophrenia, we investigated regional structural brain abnormalities and emotion-attribution abilities(More)