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Evidence suggests that a disruption in limbic system network integrity and, in particular, the cingulate gyrus may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The cingulum bundles (CBs; posterior and anterior) are the most prominent white matter tracts in the limbic system, furnishing both input and output to the cingulate gyrus . In previous(More)
Structural abnormalities of the amygdala and impaired facial emotion recognition have been reported in schizophrenia. Most studies demonstrated reduced amygdalar volumes in schizophrenia patients, and difficulty in recognizing negative facial emotions has also been reported. However, findings on the deficit in facial emotion recognition have been(More)
BACKGROUND People at ultra high risk (UHR) of psychosis have an elevated risk of developing a psychotic disorder, but it is difficult to predict which individuals will make a transition to frank illness. We investigated whether functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in conjunction with a phonological fluency task at presentation could distinguish(More)
Impaired ability to infer the mental states of others (theory of mind; ToM) is considered to be a key contributor to the poor social functioning of patients with schizophrenia. Although neuroimaging and lesion studies have provided empirical evidence for the neural basis of ToM ability, including the involvement of several prefrontal and temporal(More)
Previous studies have indicated abnormal fiber connectivity of the corpus callosum (CC) in schizophrenia. This study investigated whether the interfrontal commissural region of the CC is decreased in schizophrenia, by partitioning the CC using a function-anatomically relevant internal landmark derived from tractographic analysis of diffusion tensor imaging(More)
A number of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have revealed morphological cortical asymmetry in the normal human brain, and reduction or inversion of such hemispheric asymmetry has been reported in schizophrenia. On the other hand, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have reported inconsistent findings concerning abnormal asymmetry of white matter(More)
So far the photorespiration rate (R P) in a leaf has been determined as the difference between the net photosynthetic rates (P N) measured in 21 % O2 air (P N21%) and 3 % O2 air (P N3%). In the C3 plant Vigna radiata and the C4 plant Amaranthus mongostanus L., P N and chlorophyll fluorescence quenching in leaves were monitored simultaneously. R P of leaves(More)
To identify the brain regions involved in the interpretation of intentional movement by patients with schizophrenia, we investigated the association between cerebral gray matter (GM) volumes and performance on a theory of mind (ToM) task using voxel-based morphometry. Eighteen patients with schizophrenia and thirty healthy controls participated in the(More)
One of the difficulties facing schizophrenia patients is a failure to construct appropriate relationships with others in social situations. This impairment of social cognition is also found in autism-spectrum disorder (ASD). Considering such commonality between the two disorders, in this study we adopted the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) score to assess(More)
The anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG) is a critical structure for social cognitive processing; the pathology of this structure might be a major source of social dysfunction in schizophrenia. Multiple structural abnormalities of the ACG have been demonstrated in schizophrenia including changes in gray matter volume, white matter microstructures and macroscopic(More)