Learn More
Numerous reports have demonstrated that oxidative stress induced by diabetes plays an important role in the development and progression of diabetic vascular complications including nephropathy. Indeed, there is emerging evidence that the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a direct consequence of hyperglycemia. Biomarkers for oxidative damage to(More)
Overcoming refractory massive proteinuria remains a clinical and research issue in diabetic nephropathy. This study was designed to investigate the pathogenesis of massive proteinuria in diabetic nephropathy, with a special focus on podocyte autophagy, a system of intracellular degradation that maintains cell and organelle homeostasis, using human tissue(More)
In an attempt to enhance the immunological efficacy of genetic immunization, we investigated a new biological means for delivering antigen gene directly to the cytoplasm via membrane fusion. In this context, we investigated fusogenic liposome (FL) encapsulating DNA as a possible genetic immunization vehicle. RT-PCR analysis indicated that a FL could(More)
Although the level of prostaglandin (PG) D(2) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) affects the action of D-type prostanoid receptors that promote physiological sleep, the regulatory system of PGD(2) clearance from the CSF is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate PGD(2) elimination from the CSF via the blood-CSF barrier (BCSFB). The in(More)
Although a number of JmjC-containing histone demethylases have been identified and biochemically characterized, pathological roles of their dysfunction in human disease such as cancer have not been well elucidated. Here, we report the Jumonji domain containing 2A (JMJD2A) is integral to proliferation of cancer cells. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis(More)
DNA rich in non-methylated CG motifs (CpGs) enhances induction of immune responses against co-administered antigen encoding genes. CpGs are therefore among the promising adjuvants known to date. However, naked plasmid DNA, even which contains CpG motifs, are taken up by antigen presenting cells via the endocytosis pathway. Endocytosed DNAs are thus degraded(More)
Naturally occurring prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂) plays a role in inflammatory responses through eicosanoid signaling pathways. PGE₂ is impermeable to cell membranes at physiological pH and needs solute carrier across the membranes; however, it remains unclear how intercellular concentrations of PGE₂ are regulated under the condition of inflammation. We aimed to(More)
Collagenofibrotic glomerulopathy is a rare glomerular disease characterized by extensive accumulation of atypical type III collagen fibers within the mesangial matrix and subendothelial space. Laboratory evaluation of this disease shows a marked increase in serum procollagen III peptide (P III P) levels. Here, we report the case of two brothers with(More)
BACKGROUND Annual urinary screening is conducted at municipal kindergartens, elementary schools, and junior high schools in Ikeda City, Osaka, Japan (Ikeda City School System), and the results are reviewed by a general physician, but standards for when to recommend specialist referral have not been clear. METHODS In all children attending the Ikeda City(More)