Kazuyuki Hatakeyama

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Poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase was purified approximately 74,000-fold to apparent homogeneity from calf thymus with a yield of 3.2%. The enzyme was a monomeric protein of Mr = 59,000, as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The action of glycohydrolase on poly(ADP-ribose) was exoglycosidic in the direction of adenosine(More)
GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTPCHI) is the rate-limiting enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin, a key cofactor necessary for nitric oxide synthase and for the hydroxylases that are involved in the production of catecholamines and serotonin. In animals, the GTPCHI feedback regulatory protein (GFRP) binds GTPCHI to mediate feed-forward(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a member of the pterin family that has a core structure of pyrazino-2,3-d-pyrimidine rings. Because BH4 is an essential cofactor for the biosynthesis of nitric oxide (a major vasodilator), there is growing interest in BH4 biochemistry in endothelial cells (the cells that line blood vessels). BH4 is synthesized via de novo and(More)
In the presence of phenylalanine, GTP cyclohydrolase I feedback regulatory protein (GFRP) forms a stimulatory 360-kDa complex with GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTPCHI), which is the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin. The crystal structure of the stimulatory complex reveals that the GTPCHI decamer is sandwiched by two GFRP(More)
An essential cofactor for the endothelial NO synthase is tetrahydrobiopterin (H4B). In the present study, we show that in human endothelial cells, laminar shear stress dramatically increases H4B levels and enzymatic activity of GTP cyclohydrolase (GTPCH)-1, the first step of H4B biosynthesis. In contrast, protein levels of GTPCH-1 were not affected by(More)
The acetylesterase (AE) activity of DVIM (diarrhea virus of infant mice) was assigned to the haemagglutinin-esterase (HE) protein. The substrate specificity was examined using the natural substrate bovine submaxillary mucin (BSM) and/or synthetic substrates p-nitrophenylacetate (p-NiA) and α-naphthylacetate (α-NA) and compared with several strains of MHV(More)
The primary structure of bovine thymus poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase, as deduced from the nucleotide sequence of a cloned cDNA, indicated that this enzyme is composed of 1016 amino acids (aa) with an Mr of 113,481. An abundance of Lys and Arg residues was in accord with the known basic nature of this protein. A comparison with reported sequences of human(More)
We analyzed the characteristics of seven monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) raised against purified HE (hemagglutinin-esterase) glycoprotein of the murine coronavirus DVIM (diarrhea virus of infant mice). Immunocrossreaction of these mAbs with JHM and/or MHV-S suggest that antigenic epitopes of HE of DVIM are similar to those of JHM and/or MHV-S. Four mAbs (1b4,(More)
Alterations in tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) levels have significant consequences in vascular pathophysiology. However, the mechanisms regulating BH4 remain poorly understood. The activity of GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH-I), the first enzyme in BH4 biosynthesis, is controlled by protein levels, posttranslational modifications and interaction with GTPCH-I(More)
Endothelial production of nitric oxide (NO) is dependent on adequate cellular levels of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), an important cofactor for the nitric oxide synthases. Vascular diseases are often characterized by vessel wall inflammation and cytokine treatment of endothelial cells increases BH4 levels, in part through the induction of GTP cyclohydrolase I(More)