Kazuyoshi Yamaoka

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Although transactivation by the liganded vitamin D receptor (VDR) is well described at the molecular level, the precise molecular mechanism of negative regulation by the liganded VDR remains to be elucidated. We have previously reported a novel class of negative vitamin D response element (nVDRE) called 1alphanVDRE in the human 25(OH)D31alpha-hydroxylase(More)
The effect of increasing [Ca2+]o on the positioning of synaptic vesicles relative to the active site in resting coxal neuromuscular junctions of Drosophila was investigated. In normal saline (1.8 mM Ca2+) only a very small percentage of sites possess a vesicle docked under the dense body plate close to the plasma membrane in a readily releasable position.(More)
Human airway trypsin-like protease (HAT) has been isolated from mucoid sputum of patients with chronic airway diseases. In order to clarify the cellular source of this novel protease in the human airway, we examined the localization of immunoreactive HAT in bronchial tissues obtained at surgery and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde using an extremely sensitive(More)
delta 5-Desaturation of 8, 11, 14-eicosatrienoic acid in washed rat liver microsomes was studied in the presence of NADH, ATP, and coenzyme A. The product was identified as arachidonic (5, 8, 11, 14-eicosatetraenoic) acid by radiogaschromatography. Cytosol fraction stimulated delta 5-desaturation but did not participate in 8, 11, 14-eicosatrienoyl-CoA(More)
Previous studies have indicated that DNA bending is a general structural feature of sequences (ARSs) from cellular DNAs of yeasts and nuclear and mitochondrial genomic DNAs of other eukaryotes that are capable of autonomous replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we showed that bending activity is also tightly associated with S. cerevisiae ARS(More)
Nuclear steroid/thyroid vitamin A/D receptor genes form a gene superfamily and encode DNA-binding transcription factors that control the transcription of target genes in a ligand-dependent manner. It has become clear that chromatin remodeling and the modification of histones, the main components of chromatin, play crucial roles in gene transcription, and(More)
A Ca2+-dependent synaptic vesicle-recycling pathway emanating from the plasma membrane adjacent to the dense body at the active zone has been demonstrated by blocking pinch-off of recycling membrane by using the Drosophila mutant, shibire. Exposure of wild-type Drosophila synapses to low Ca2+/high Mg2+ saline is shown here to block this active zone(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Vitamin D has diverse biological actions, and consequently the mechanisms behind how it regulates gene transcription are diverse. Unlike its well described positive effects on gene transcription, little is known about how vitamin D induces transcriptional repression. RECENT FINDINGS Vitamin D-induced transcriptional repression of several(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) ligands are therapeutic agents for the treatment of psoriasis, osteoporosis, and secondary hyperparathyroidism. VDR ligands also show immense potential as therapeutic agents for autoimmune diseases and cancers of skin, prostate, colon, and breast as well as leukemia. However, the major side effect of VDR ligands that limits their(More)