Kazuyoshi Tsukamoto

Learn More
Angiotensin within the central nervous system appears to be important for the maintenance of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. This study addresses the hypothesis that blockade of AT1 receptors in the rostral ventrolateral medulla would decrease blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats and that this tonically active AT1-mediated(More)
Injection of the excitatory amino acid (EAA) antagonist kynurenic acid (KYN) into the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) of anesthetized rats has no effect on arterial pressure. However, we recently reported that after inhibition of the caudal ventrolateral medulla, injection of KYN into the RVLM decreased arterial pressure to the same level as produced(More)
The goal of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the balance of tonic excitation and inhibition of vasomotor neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) driven by excitatory amino acid (EAA)-mediated inputs to the RVLM is shifted toward excitation in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats compared with Dahl salt-resistant (DR) rats. Glutamate(More)
The present study addresses the hypothesis that angiotensin type 1 receptors (AT1Rs) in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) contribute to the elevation of mean arterial pressure (MAP) in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats fed a diet with a high NaCl content. Groups of DS or Dahl salt-resistant (DR) rats were fed diets containing either 0.3% NaCl (LNa) or 8%(More)
Previous studies in rats have shown that injection of nanomoles of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5HT) into the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) acts on 5HT3 receptors to increase arterial pressure (AP). We investigated the effect of 5HT in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Injection of nanomoles of 5HT into the NTS of(More)
Previous studies have indicated that tonic stimulation of GABAB receptors in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) contributes to the regulation of arterial blood pressure (AP). The present studies examined the hypotheses that (1) tonic stimulation of GABAB receptors in the NTS provides a tonic attenuation of the baroreceptor reflex and (2) enhanced(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that stimulation of type B gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAB) receptors but not type A (GABAA) receptors in the nucleus tractus solitarius of spontaneously hypertensive rats elicited a larger increase in arterial pressure compared with control rats of the Wistar-Kyoto strain. The present studies extended that observation by(More)
Previous experiments have demonstrated that stimulation of muscarinic cholinergic receptors in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) of the rat decreases arterial blood pressure and heart rate. The present studies were designed to examine the role of cholinergic mechanisms in the NTS in the tonic regulation of arterial pressure and the baroreceptor reflex.(More)
Bilateral injection into the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) of the alpha 2-adrenergic receptor antagonist yohimbine produced a dose-related (10-500 pmol) increase in arterial pressure, with a maximal response of approximately 60 mm Hg. Idazoxan, also an alpha 2-adrenergic receptor antagonist, produced a similar response although idazoxan was less potent(More)