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Angiotensin within the central nervous system appears to be important for the maintenance of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. This study addresses the hypothesis that blockade of AT1 receptors in the rostral ventrolateral medulla would decrease blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats and that this tonically active AT1-mediated(More)
Injection of the excitatory amino acid (EAA) antagonist kynurenic acid (KYN) into the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) of anesthetized rats has no effect on arterial pressure. However, we recently reported that after inhibition of the caudal ventrolateral medulla, injection of KYN into the RVLM decreased arterial pressure to the same level as produced(More)
Previous studies in rats have shown that injection of nanomoles of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5HT) into the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) acts on 5HT3 receptors to increase arterial pressure (AP). We investigated the effect of 5HT in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Injection of nanomoles of 5HT into the NTS of(More)
Previous studies have indicated that tonic stimulation of GABAB receptors in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) contributes to the regulation of arterial blood pressure (AP). The present studies examined the hypotheses that (1) tonic stimulation of GABAB receptors in the NTS provides a tonic attenuation of the baroreceptor reflex and (2) enhanced(More)
The goal of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the balance of tonic excitation and inhibition of vasomotor neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) driven by excitatory amino acid (EAA)-mediated inputs to the RVLM is shifted toward excitation in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats compared with Dahl salt-resistant (DR) rats. Glutamate(More)
The present study addresses the hypothesis that angiotensin type 1 receptors (AT1Rs) in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) contribute to the elevation of mean arterial pressure (MAP) in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats fed a diet with a high NaCl content. Groups of DS or Dahl salt-resistant (DR) rats were fed diets containing either 0.3% NaCl (LNa) or 8%(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that stimulation of type B gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAB) receptors but not type A (GABAA) receptors in the nucleus tractus solitarius of spontaneously hypertensive rats elicited a larger increase in arterial pressure compared with control rats of the Wistar-Kyoto strain. The present studies extended that observation by(More)
BACKGROUND The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is uncertain. A study was undertaken to detect the virus in IPF as well as to clarify the influence of EBV on the clinical features of the disease. METHODS Twenty nine lung specimens were obtained from patients with IPF, as well as five specimens from patients with(More)
In 1997 and 1998, H9N2 influenza A viruses were isolated from the respiratory organs of Indian ring-necked parakeets (Psittacula Krameri manillensis) that had been imported from Pakistan to Japan. The two isolates were closely related to each other (>99% as determined by nucleotide analysis of eight RNA segments), indicating that H9N2 viruses of the same(More)