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Mosmann's method for measuring the number of viable cells with a tetrazolium salt, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-di-phenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), was modified to make it possible to measure a large number of interleukin 2 (IL-2) samples at one time with less labor and more accuracy. Each step of the method was examined in detail and modified (the(More)
A recent study demonstrated that mitochondrial genomic (mitogenomic) data comprising nucleotide sequences from the concatenated protein-coding (no 3rd codon positions) plus transfer RNA (stem regions only) genes reproduced the expected phylogeny of teleosts with high statistical support. We reexamined the interrelationships of the five major, basal(More)
A molecular phylogenetic analysis was conducted on all of the known catadromous eel species of the genus Anguilla to assess their relationships and evolutionary history. The analyses of a total of 1427 bp of the mitochondrial 16S ribosomal RNA and 1140 bp of the complete cytochrome b gene sequences suggested that the genus Anguilla was monophyletic in(More)
The complete RNA genome of the avian nephritis virus (ANV) associated with acute nephritis in chickens has been molecularly cloned and sequenced. Excluding the poly(A) tail, the genome comprises 6,927 nucleotides and contains three sequential open reading frames (ORFs). The first ORF (ORF 1a) contains a sequence encoding a serine protease motif, and the(More)
Visible pigmentation in mammals results from the synthesis and distribution of melanin in the skin, hair bulbs, and eyes. The melanins are produced in melanocytes and can be of two basic types: eumelanins, which are brown or black, and phaseomelanins, which are red or yellow. In mammals typically there are mixtures of both types. The most essential enzyme(More)
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), an ABC half-transporter, is overexpressed in cancer cell lines selected with doxorubicin/verapamil, topotecan, or mitoxantrone. BCRP-overexpressing cells show cross-resistance to camptothecin derivatives such as irinotecan, SN-38 (the active metabolite of irinotecan), and topotecan. To test whether BCRP confers SN-38(More)
OBJECTIVE Superior vena cava (SVC) flow is used as an index for evaluating systemic blood flow in neonates. Thus far, several reports have shown that low SVC flow is a risk factor for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in the preterm infant. Therefore, it is likely to be a useful index in the management of the preterm infant. The perfusion index (PI) derived(More)
We encountered a patient with pheochromocytoma associated with a catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy that developed recurrently bilateral and unilateral pulmonary edema. The diagnosis of pheochromocytoma was made by elevated plasma catecholamine levels and the intense tumor [123I]MIBG uptake and was confirmed at the time of surgery. The patient showed(More)