Kazuyoshi Kawakami

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Dectin-2 (gene symbol Clec4n) is a C-type lectin expressed by dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages. However, its functional roles and signaling mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here, we generated Clec4n(-/-) mice and showed that this molecule is important for host defense against Candida albicans (C. albicans). Clec4n(-/-) DCs had virtually no fungal(More)
Drosophila sine oculis and eyes absent genes synergize in compound-eye formation. The murine homologues of these genes, Six and Eya, respectively, show overlapping expression patterns during development. We hypothesized that Six and Eya proteins cooperate to regulate their target genes. Cotransfection assays were performed with various combinations of Six(More)
Dectin-1 is a C-type lectin involved in the recognition of beta-glucans found in the cell walls of fungi. We generated dectin-1-deficient mice to determine the importance of dectin-1 in the defense against pathogenic fungi. In vitro, beta-glucan-induced cytokine production from wild-type dendritic cells and macrophages was abolished in cells homozygous for(More)
BACKGROUND On the base of the microRNA (miRNA) expression signature of bladder cancer (BC), we found that miR-1 and miR-133a were significantly downregulated in BC. In this study, we focussed on the functional significance of miR-1 and miR-133a in BC cell lines and identified a molecular network of these miRNAs. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the(More)
The Drosophila homeobox gene sine oculis is expressed in the rostral region of the embryo in early development and is essential for eye and brain formation. Its murine homolog, Six3, is expressed in the anterior neural plate and eye anlage, and may have crucial functions in eye and brain development. In this study, we describe the cloning and expression of(More)
IL-17 is a cytokine that induces neutrophil-mediated inflammation, but its role in protective immunity against intracellular bacterial infection remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that IL-17 is an important cytokine not only in the early neutrophil-mediated inflammatory response, but also in T cell-mediated IFN-gamma production and(More)
BACKGROUND Our recent analyses of miRNA expression signatures showed that miR-1 and miR-133a were significantly reduced in several types of cancer. Interestingly, miR-1 and miR-133a are located on the same chromosomal locus in the human genome. We examined the functional significance of miR-1 and miR-133a in prostate cancer (PCa) cells and identified the(More)
We examined the contributions of reactive nitrogen and oxygen intermediates (RNI and ROI, respectively) in macrophage bactericidal activity against Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, in order to understand host defense mechanisms against infection caused by this bacterium. The bacteria multiplied in unstimulated murine macrophage(More)
The mechanism of host cell recognition of Cryptococcus neoformans, an opportunistic fungal pathogen in immunocompromised patients, remains poorly understood. In the present study, we asked whether the DNA of this yeast activates mouse bone marrow-derived myeloid dendritic cells (BM-DCs). BM-DCs released IL-12p40 and expressed CD40 upon stimulation with(More)
The cDNA clones encoding ARE(Na,K-ATPase alpha1 subunit gene regulatory element) binding protein AREC3 were isolated from myoblast C2C12 cells and mouse skeletal muscle cDNA library. At least four alternatively spliced forms of AREC3 cDNA were identified. Sequence analysis indicates that AREC3 has an extensive homology with the Drosophila sine oculis gene(More)