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Dectin-2 (gene symbol Clec4n) is a C-type lectin expressed by dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages. However, its functional roles and signaling mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here, we generated Clec4n(-/-) mice and showed that this molecule is important for host defense against Candida albicans (C. albicans). Clec4n(-/-) DCs had virtually no fungal(More)
Dectin-1 is a C-type lectin involved in the recognition of beta-glucans found in the cell walls of fungi. We generated dectin-1-deficient mice to determine the importance of dectin-1 in the defense against pathogenic fungi. In vitro, beta-glucan-induced cytokine production from wild-type dendritic cells and macrophages was abolished in cells homozygous for(More)
We identified five cDNA clones of the Six gene family which are expressed in retina. They are Six2, Six3 alpha and Six3 beta (which are derived from alternative splicing forms), Six5, and AREC3/Six4. All of these Six family genes possess extensive sequence similarity among each other in the so-homologous region (Six domain and homeodomain) but differ(More)
The cDNA clones encoding ARE(Na,K-ATPase alpha1 subunit gene regulatory element) binding protein AREC3 were isolated from myoblast C2C12 cells and mouse skeletal muscle cDNA library. At least four alternatively spliced forms of AREC3 cDNA were identified. Sequence analysis indicates that AREC3 has an extensive homology with the Drosophila sine oculis gene(More)
Sodium- and potassium-dependent ATPase [(Na+ + K+)ATPase], which is responsible for the active transport of Na+ and K+, is distributed universally among animal cell membranes and consists of two types of subunits, alpha and beta (refs 1-4). The larger alpha-subunit with a relative molecular mass (Mr) of 84,000-120,000 is thought to have the catalytic role.(More)
Context. Near-Earth asteroid 162173 (1999 JU3) is a potential flyby and rendezvous target for interplanetary missions because of its easy to reach orbit. The physical and thermal properties of the asteroid are relevant for establishing the scientific mission goals and also important in the context of near-Earth object studies in general. Aims. Our goal was(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the usefulness of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for unsuspected and suspected gallbladder carcinoma. DESIGN Retrospective review with a mean follow-up of 27 months, ranging from 1 to 47 months. SETTING University hospital and 8 affiliated hospitals. PATIENTS Of 2616 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed over 4 years, 24(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical course of patients with carcinoma of the gallbladder depends on the depth of tumour invasion. This study was conducted to clarify the prognostic factors affecting survival and appropriate surgical strategy based on depth of invasion of gallbladder carcinoma according to the pathological tumour node metastasis (pTNM) classification.(More)
Drosophila sine oculis and eyes absent genes synergize in compound-eye formation. The murine homologues of these genes, Six and Eya, respectively, show overlapping expression patterns during development. We hypothesized that Six and Eya proteins cooperate to regulate their target genes. Cotransfection assays were performed with various combinations of Six(More)
IL-17 is a cytokine that induces neutrophil-mediated inflammation, but its role in protective immunity against intracellular bacterial infection remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that IL-17 is an important cytokine not only in the early neutrophil-mediated inflammatory response, but also in T cell-mediated IFN-gamma production and(More)