Kazuyoshi Fukuzawa

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present study investigated the effects of two-dimensional arm stiffness and muscle effort required to maintain horizontal arm posture on position-reproduction errors. 12 participants performed a multi-joint position-reproduction task without visual feedback. They were required to indicate a proprioceptively remembered target position with the fingertip of(More)
The present study attempted to demonstrate that the indicator arm influences end point distribution in contralateral multi-joint proprioceptive tasks and also that intrinsic physical characteristics of multi-joint arms (arm stiffness) may predict the error pattern. For this purpose, we carried out two types of contralateral localization tasks with(More)
The present study investigated the interactions between motor action and cognitive processing with particular reference to kanji-culture individuals. Kanji-culture individuals often move their finger as if they are writing when they are solving cognitive tasks, for example, when they try to recall the spelling of English words. This behavior is called(More)
The present study investigated interactions between cognitive processes and finger actions called "kusho," meaning "air-writing" in Japanese. Kanji-culture individuals often employ kusho behavior in which they move their fingers as a substitute for a pen to write mostly done when they are trying to recall the shape of a Kanji character or the spelling of an(More)
Based on the minimum torque change model (MTCM), Wada and Kawato (1995) proposed a computational model of cursive handwriting which includes the following assumptions. The brain represents via-points that the hand passes through in a trajectory. Cursive handwriting consists of consecutive reaching movements. The via-points for handwriting are retrieved from(More)
The present study investigated the impact of motor commands to abort ongoing movement on position estimation. Participants carried out visually guided reaching movements on a horizontal plane with their eyes open. By setting a mirror above their arm, however, they could not see the arm, only the start and target points. They estimated the position of their(More)
The goal of this study was to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of hand and tool grasping control. We assumed that there is a single principle-governing grasping control irrespective of its effectors and that the degree of prior experience of the effector determines the smoothness of aperture control. Eight participants performed a reach-to-grasp task(More)