Kazuyo Kitazawa

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Nitric oxide (NO) from endothelium is a major mediator of vasodilatation through cGMP/PKG signals that lead to a decrease in Ca(2+) concentration. In addition, NO-mediated signals trigger an increase in myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) activity. To evaluate the mechanism of NO-induced relaxation through MLCP deinhibition, we compared time-dependent(More)
17 beta-Oestradiol (E2) at 0.1-10 microM directly inhibited various tonic and phasic smooth muscle contractions. The mechanism(s) of oestrogen-induced inhibition of contraction was studied using intact and permeabilized strips and isolated single cells of smooth muscle. 2. In endothelium-denuded vascular smooth muscle, E2 attenuated high K(+)-induced force(More)
Phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC) and contraction of differentiated smooth muscle cells in vascular walls are regulated by Ca2+ -dependent activation of MLC kinase, and by Rho-kinase- or protein-kinases-C-dependent inhibition of MLC phosphatase (MLCP). We examined regulatory pathways for MLC kinase and MLCP in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells(More)
Ca(2+) ion is a universal intracellular messenger that regulates numerous biological functions. In smooth muscle, Ca(2+) with calmodulin activates myosin light chain (MLC) kinase to initiate a rapid MLC phosphorylation and contraction. To test the hypothesis that regulation of MLC phosphatase is involved in the rapid development of MLC phosphorylation and(More)
Each segment along arterial vessels adapts to different circumstances, including blood pressure and sympathetic innervation. PKC and Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) Ca(2+)-sensitizing pathways leading to myosin phosphatase inhibition are critically involved in α(1)-adrenoceptor-mediated vascular smooth muscle contraction in distinctive time-dependent manners.(More)
Ca ion is a universal intracellular messenger that regulates numerous biological functions. In smooth muscle, Ca with calmodulin activates myosin light chain (MLC) kinase to initiate a rapid MLC phosphorylation and contraction. To test the hypothesis that regulation of MLC phosphatase is involved in the rapid development of MLC phosphorylation and(More)
Prolonged bed rest (PBR) causes orthostatic hypotension (OH). Rapid constriction of splanchnic resistance arteries in response to a sudden increase in sympathetic tone contributes to the recovery of orthostatic arterial pressure upon standing. However, the molecular mechanism of PBR-induced dysfunction in arterial constriction is not fully understood.(More)
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