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A facultatively anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium, strain YK-1(T), was isolated from an underground crude-oil storage cavity at Kuji in Iwate, Japan. The cells were motile, curved rods and had a single polar flagellum. Optimum growth occurred in a low-strength salt medium at pH 7.0 and 25 degrees C. It utilized sulfide, elemental(More)
Methanogenesis is an essential part of the global carbon cycle and a key bioprocess for sustainable energy. Methanogenesis from organic matter is accomplished by syntrophic interactions among different species of microbes, in which interspecies electron transfer (IET) via diffusive carriers (e.g. hydrogen and formate) is known to be the bottleneck step. We(More)
We have developed a general profile for the proteins of the TetR family of repressors. The stretch that best defines the profile of this family is made up of 47 amino acid residues that correspond to the helix-turn-helix DNA binding motif and adjacent regions in the three-dimensional structures of TetR, QacR, CprB, and EthR, four family members for which(More)
Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of PCR-amplified 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) fragments has frequently been applied to the fingerprinting of natural bacterial populations (PCR/DGGE). In this study, sequences of bacterial universal primers frequently used in PCR/DGGE were compared with 16S rDNA sequences that represent recently proposed divisions in the(More)
A Gram-negative, mesophilic bacterial strain, designated 1-1B(T), which degrades polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, was isolated from petroleum-contaminated seawater during a bioremediation experiment. A 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the isolate was affiliated with the genus Thalassospira in the Alphaproteobacteria; the sequence was found to(More)
A thermophilic syntrophic bacterium, Pelotomaculum thermopropionicum strain SI, was grown in a monoculture or coculture with a hydrogenotrophic methanogen, Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus strain DeltaH. Microscopic observation revealed that cells of each organism were dispersed in a monoculture independent of the growth substrate. In a coculture,(More)
Soils are rich in organics, particularly those that support growth of plants. These organics are possible sources of sustainable energy, and a microbial fuel cell (MFC) system can potentially be used for this purpose. Here, we report the application of an MFC system to electricity generation in a rice paddy field. In our system, graphite felt electrodes(More)
Stable isotope probing (SIP) of benzene-degrading bacteria in gasoline-contaminated groundwater was coupled to denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of DNA fragments amplified by reverse transcription-PCR from community 16S rRNA molecules. Supplementation of the groundwater with [(13)C(6)]benzene together with an electron acceptor (nitrate,(More)
In anaerobic biota, reducing equivalents (electrons) are transferred between different species of microbes [interspecies electron transfer (IET)], establishing the basis of cooperative behaviors and community functions. IET mechanisms described so far are based on diffusion of redox chemical species and/or direct contact in cell aggregates. Here, we show(More)
Recent awareness that most microorganisms in the environment are resistant to cultivation has prompted scientists to directly clone useful genes from environmental metagenomes. Two screening methods are currently available for the metagenome approach, namely, nucleotide sequence-based screening and enzyme activity-based screening. Here we have introduced(More)