Kazuya Ura

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OBJECTIVE To examine whether or not subclinical atherosclerosis independently predicts the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Japanese general population. METHODS This study is part of the Kyushu and Okinawa Population Study (KOPS), a survey of vascular events associated with lifestyle-related diseases. Participants who attended both(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes mellitus is a major cause of cardiovascular, kidney, neurologic, and eye diseases, and may be preventable in some cases by lifestyle modification. Screening tests for diabetes mellitus include fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Our objective was to evaluate the utility of plasma glycated albumin (GA) in the(More)
AIM This epidemiological study was done to generate normal ranges for the cholesterol and triglyceride levels in serum lipoprotein subclasses isolated from healthy adults based on gender and menopausal status. METHODS Cholesterol and triglyceride levels in 20 lipoprotein subclasses as separated by high performance liquid chromatography were measured in(More)
Recently direct-acting antiviral agents, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV) non-structural 3/4A (NS3/4A) protease inhibitors (PI), have been introduced, and triple therapy regimens that include PI with conventional pegylated interferon α and ribavirin have significantly improved the sustained virological response (SVR) rate, up to 80% for both treatment-naïve(More)
CD64 is an Fc-gamma-receptor type 1. The expression level of neutrophil CD64 (nCD64) is a known bacterial infection marker, and it also increases in viral infections. We examined the absolute nCD64 before and after the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) to determine its role as an infection and inflammation marker of human immunodeficiency virus(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Despite a known risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation during direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-HBV coinfection, it remains unclear whether patients with past HBV infection are at risk for reactivation. This study evaluated the risk of HBV reactivation during treatment with sofosbuvir(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic flares (HF), which reflect hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), frequently occur in patients with HBV and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection after the start of antiretoroviral therapy (ART). The rate of hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg) and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)(More)
Hepatic flares occurred in two patients with HBV/HIV coinfection following the commencement of antiretroviral therapy (ART). At that time, the HIV RNA and HBV DNA levels had decreased. The results of liver biopsies showed lymphocytic infiltration that was diffusely positive for CD8(+) T cells in the portal areas and lobules. These findings suggested(More)
Previous clinical studies have shown that the circulating level of endostatin is related to kidney injury. We hypothesized that the impact of HbA1c, fasting, and postprandial plasma glucose on urinary albumin excretion would be related to the serum endostatin level. A cross-sectional, community-based population study of 1057 Japanese residents was(More)