Kazuya Tachibana

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OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of a recruitment maneuver and high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on oxygenation and hemodynamics in hypoxemic patients with pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy for chronic pulmonary thromboembolism. DESIGN Prospective, observational, clinical study. SETTING A surgical intensive(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a new device has been developed to measure cardiac output noninvasively using partial carbon dioxide (CO(2)) rebreathing. Because this technique uses CO(2) rebreathing, the authors suspected that ventilatory settings, such as tidal volume and ventilatory mode, would affect its accuracy: they conducted this study to investigate which(More)
Pavoninin-1 (1), which was isolated from a defense secretion of the sole Pardachirus spp. as an ichthyotoxic and a shark repellent principle, and its structural analogue 2 were synthesized, where glycosylation using an 2-azidoglycosyl sulfoxide (10) afforded the corresponding beta-glycoside exclusively in high yield. Introduction of the(More)
Spontaneous breathing trials are commonly used in adults to enable smooth weaning from mechanical ventilation. However, few investigations have examined spontaneous breathing tests in infants. We investigated how respiratory patterns of infants changed during continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and whether successful extubation followed CPAP.(More)
BACKGROUND Although evaluation of cardiac output by the partial carbon dioxide rebreathing technique is as accurate as thermodilution techniques under controlled mechanical ventilation, it is less accurate at low tidal volume. It is not clear whether reduced accuracy is due to low tidal volume or low minute ventilation. The effect of spontaneous breathing(More)
INTRODUCTION New technology using partial carbon dioxide rebreathing has been developed to measure cardiac output. Because rebreathing increases respiratory effort, we investigated whether a newly developed system with 35 s rebreathing causes a lesser increase in respiratory effort under partial ventilatory support than does the conventional system with 50(More)
To the Editor:—A 77-yr-old man undergoing insertion of a J-splint for renal obstruction received general anesthesia delivered with an ADU anesthesia machine (Anesthesia Delivery Unit; Datex-Ohmeda, Stockholm, Sweden). A 5% desflurane vaporizer concentration setting with an O2/N2O mixture (2 and 3 l/min, respectively) resulted in stable inspired and expired(More)
Placenta percreta involving adjacent structures is serious complication of pregnancy with a high mortality rate. A 32-year-old woman, gravida 4, para 3, who had previously undergone a cesarean section, was admitted to our hospital at 31 weeks' gestation for placenta previa. At 33 weeks' gestation, the diagnosis of placenta percreta with involvement of the(More)
BACKGROUND Glossopexy (tongue-lip adhesion) is a procedure in which the tongue is anchored to the lower lip and mandible to relieve the upper airway obstruction mainly in infants with Pierre Robin sequence. Infants suffering from severe upper airway obstruction and feeding difficulties due to glossoptosis are the candidates for this procedure and are(More)