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Nectins, Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules, induce the activation of Cdc42 and Rac small G proteins, enhancing the formation of cadherin-based adherens junctions (AJs) and claudin-based tight junctions. Nectins recruit and activate c-Src at the nectin-based cell-cell contact sites. c-Src then activates Cdc42 through FRG, a(More)
Nectins and afadin constitute a novel cell-cell adhesion system that plays a cooperative role with cadherins in the organization of adherens junctions (AJs). Nectins are Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules, and afadin is a nectin- and actin filament-binding protein that connects nectins to the actin cytoskeleton. Rac and(More)
A new DNA polymerase activity was identified and purified to near homogeneity from extracts of mitotic and meiotic cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This activity increased at least 5-fold during meiosis, and it was shown to be associated with a 68-kDa polypeptide as determined by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This new DNA polymerase(More)
Nectins, Ca2+-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules, trans-interact and form cell-cell adhesion, which increases the velocities of the formation of the E-cadherin-based adherens junctions (AJs) and the claudin-based tight junctions (TJs) in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. The trans-interactions of nectins furthermore induce(More)
The mlr gene cluster consisting of mlrA, mlrB, mlrC, and mlrD is involved in the degradation of the cyanobacterial toxin microcystin. However, it is unclear which degradation intermediates are metabolized by MlrB and MlrC. To address these questions, we constructed recombinant Escherichia coli to overproduce MlrB and MlrC from Sphingopyxis sp. C-1, and(More)
The pH of the water associated with toxic blooms of cyanobacteria is typically in the alkaline range; however, previously only microcystin-degrading bacteria growing in neutral pH conditions have been isolated. Therefore, we sought to isolate and characterize an alkali-tolerant microcystin-degrading bacterium from a water bloom using microcystin-LR.(More)
This study revealed the biotic and abiotic parameters driving the variations in microcystins (MCs) biodegradability of a practical biological treatment facility (BTF). Results showed that similar trends of seasonal variation were seen for microcystin-LR (MCLR) biodegradability of biofilms on the BTF and indigenous MCLR-degrader population, where both peaks(More)
Nectins are a family of Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules consisting of four members, which homophilically and heterophilically trans-interact and cause cell-cell adhesion. Nectin-based cell-cell adhesion is involved in the formation of cadherin-based adherens junctions in epithelial cells and fibroblasts. The nectin-based(More)
Nectins are Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin (Ig)-like cell-cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), which comprise a family consisting of four members. Each nectin homophilically and heterophilically trans-interacts and causes cell-cell adhesion. Biochemical, cell biological, and knockout mice studies have revealed that nectins play important roles in formation of(More)
BACKGROUND Nectin is a Ca2+-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecule at the E-cadherin-based cell-cell adherens junctions (AJs), and comprises a family consisting of four members, nectin-1, -2, -3, and -4. Nectin and E-cadherin are associated with afadin and alpha-catenin, actin filament (F-actin)-binding proteins connecting respective(More)