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Cell-cell adhesion plays key roles in tissue morphogenesis and organogenesis. Nectins are Ca2+-independent immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecules connected to the actin cytoskeleton through afadin. Nectins play roles in a variety of cell-cell junctions in cooperation with or independently of cadherins. Here, we examined the cellular localization of(More)
Nectins, Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules, induce the activation of Cdc42 and Rac small G proteins, enhancing the formation of cadherin-based adherens junctions (AJs) and claudin-based tight junctions. Nectins recruit and activate c-Src at the nectin-based cell-cell contact sites. c-Src then activates Cdc42 through FRG, a(More)
The pH of the water associated with toxic blooms of cyanobacteria is typically in the alkaline range; however, previously only microcystin-degrading bacteria growing in neutral pH conditions have been isolated. Therefore, we sought to isolate and characterize an alkali-tolerant microcystin-degrading bacterium from a water bloom using microcystin-LR.(More)
Nectins are a family of Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules consisting of four members, which homophilically and heterophilically trans-interact and cause cell-cell adhesion. Nectin-based cell-cell adhesion is involved in the formation of cadherin-based adherens junctions in epithelial cells and fibroblasts. The nectin-based(More)
Nectins and afadin constitute a novel cell-cell adhesion system that plays a cooperative role with cadherins in the organization of adherens junctions (AJs). Nectins are Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules, and afadin is a nectin- and actin filament-binding protein that connects nectins to the actin cytoskeleton. Rac and(More)
Nectins are Ca2+-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules that form homo- and hetero-trans-dimers (trans-interactions). Nectins first form cell-cell contact and then recruit cadherins to the nectin-based cell-cell contact sites to form adherens junctions cooperatively with cadherins. In addition, the trans-interactions of nectins induce(More)
Nectins, Ca2+-independent immunoglobulin-like cell-cell adhesion molecules, trans-interact and form cell-cell adhesion, which increases the velocities of the formation of the E-cadherin-based adherens junctions (AJs) and the claudin-based tight junctions (TJs) in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. The trans-interactions of nectins furthermore induce(More)
The mlr gene cluster consisting of mlrA, mlrB, mlrC, and mlrD is involved in the degradation of the cyanobacterial toxin microcystin. However, it is unclear which degradation intermediates are metabolized by MlrB and MlrC. To address these questions, we constructed recombinant Escherichia coli to overproduce MlrB and MlrC from Sphingopyxis sp. C-1, and(More)
This study revealed the biotic and abiotic parameters driving the variations in microcystins (MCs) biodegradability of a practical biological treatment facility (BTF). Results showed that similar trends of seasonal variation were seen for microcystin-LR (MCLR) biodegradability of biofilms on the BTF and indigenous MCLR-degrader population, where both peaks(More)
Cadherins are Ca(2+)-dependent intercellular adhesion molecules (CAMs) and they play key roles in the intercellular junctions of a wide variety of cells, including interneuronal synapses. Nectins are Ca(2+)-independent immunoglobulin-like CAMs and they are also involved in the organization of various types of intercellular junctions, including interneuronal(More)