Learn More
BACKGROUND The hedgehog (Hh) pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Recent studies have suggested that the oncogenic function of Hh in PDAC involves signaling in the stromal cells rather than cell autonomous effects on the tumor cells. However, the origin and nature of the stromal cell(More)
BACKGROUND Extranodal involvement is considered a poor prognostic factor for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); however, the prognostic impact of specific sites of involvement has not been fully elucidated. METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed 1221 patients treated uniformly with standard R-CHOP therapy between 2003 and 2006.(More)
CD26 is a Mr 110,000 surface-bound glycoprotein with diverse functional properties, including having a key role in normal T-cell physiology and the development of certain cancers. In this article, we show that surface expression of CD26, especially its intrinsic dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) enzyme activity, results in enhanced topoisomerase IIalpha level(More)
Anemia of chronic disease (ACD) is commonly observed in chronic inflammation, although its pathogenesis is poorly understood. Hepcidin is thought to be a key regulator in iron metabolism and has been implicated in ACD. Although the induction of hepcidin by an inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) seems to have been confirmed, it is still controversial(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered to be a promising platform for cell and gene therapy for a variety of diseases. First, in the field of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, there are two applications of MSCs: 1) the improvement of stem cell engrafting and the acceleration of hematopoietic reconstitution based on the hematopoiesis-supporting(More)
In the rituximab era, several large studies have suggested that full-dose rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (R-CHOP) might be the best treatment for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) aged 60 years and older. However, it remains unclear whether this is also the case for those aged 70 years and older.(More)
T-large granular lymphocyte lymphoproliferative disorder (T-LGL LPD) is an indolent disease characterized by prolonged cytopenia and the presence of circulating large granular lymphocytes in the patient's peripheral blood. Although the disease is commonly thought of as indolent, most patients eventually require therapy because of recurrent infections(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) events, including CNS relapse and progression to CNS, are known to be serious complications in the clinical course of patients with lymphoma. This study aimed to evaluate the risk of CNS events in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the rituximab era. We performed a retrospective survey of Japanese patients diagnosed(More)
Non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI) in serum is cleared rapidly by hepatocytes, although the mechanisms of NTBI uptake by hepatocytes are poorly understood. Dietary iron is transported into intestinal enterocytes by divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), which also transports iron from transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1)-mediated recycling endosome to intracytoplasm.(More)
We previously showed that transplantation with IL-21R gene-deficient splenocytes resulted in less severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) than was observed with wild type splenocytes. In this study, we sought to find mechanism(s) explaining this observation. Recipients of donor CD4(+) T cells lacking IL-21R exhibited diminished GVHD symptoms, with reduced(More)