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BACKGROUND The hedgehog (Hh) pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Recent studies have suggested that the oncogenic function of Hh in PDAC involves signaling in the stromal cells rather than cell autonomous effects on the tumor cells. However, the origin and nature of the stromal cell(More)
The lifespans of many poikilothermic animals, including the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, depend significantly on environmental temperature. Using long-living, thermosensory mutants of C. elegans, we tested whether the temperature dependency of the mean lifespan is compatible with the Arrhenius equation, which typically represents one of the chemical(More)
We previously proposed a rate theory of chemical reaction as well as a lifespan equation derived by a stochastic fluctuation theory. Both were applied to biodemographic data by C. elegans to quantitatively explain that respiratory activity declines exponentially with age and that it has a physiological decline rate and a finite value (threshold) in advanced(More)
This paper develops an energy minimization algorithm to reconstruct the 3D motion of transplanted hearts of small animals (rats) from tagged magnetic resonance (MR) sequences. We describe the heart by a layered aggregate of thin oriented elastic fibers. We use the orientation of myo-cardial fibers to develop a local dense motion of the heart. This dense(More)
We focus on Internet rumors and present an empirical analysis and simulation results of their diffusion and convergence during emergencies. In particular, we study one rumor that appeared in the immediate aftermath of the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, which later turned out to be misinformation. By investigating whole Japanese tweets that(More)