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In open abdominal surgical procedures, many surgical instruments, e.g., knives, cutting shears and clamps, are generally used. Therefore, a haptic interface should display reaction force of a soft biological tissue through such a surgical instrument. Simplest solution for this difficulty is that an actual instrument is mechanically mounted on the(More)
Dissection and removal of lesion area are fundamental operations in brain surgery. In order to correctly reproduce dissection and removal in brain surgery haptic simulation, mechanical properties of brain tissue must be investigated. In this work, porcine brains are used as specimens. Mechanical properties such as density, Poisson's ratio, Young's modulus,(More)
The handling of contacts between virtual objects is a fundamental problem of 6 DOF haptic rendering in virtual environments. Especially, the haptic rendering of the contact between rigid and deformable objects is challenging because the physics simulation with high computational burden must be calculated in real time with good stability. In this paper, we(More)
In this paper, a damage and fracture model of brain parenchyma is proposed for a haptic brain surgery simulation. It is assumed that microscopic damage begins by von Mises yield criterion, and the microscopic damage grows rate in proportion to volume strain. Tensile tests with two different strain rate were conducted using porcine brain parenchyma (tensile(More)
In neurosurgery, effects of deformation should be considered to avoid damaging brain tissues. The goal of this study is to develop an automatic path planner considering the deformation of brain tissues. This paper shows a scheme which combines FEM (Finite Element Method) and an optimization method for optimization of retraction in order to approach a deep(More)
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