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Linoleic acid (18:2n-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) are polyunsaturated fatty acids that are essential for mammalian nutrition, because mammals lack the desaturases required for synthesis of Delta12 (n-6) and n-3 fatty acids. Many plants can synthesize these fatty acids and, therefore, to examine the effects of a plant desaturase in mammals, we(More)
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) of nonhuman primates are important for research into human gametogenesis because of similarities between the embryos and fetuses of nonhuman primates and those of humans. Recently, the formation of germ cells from mouse ESCs in vitro has been reported. In this study, we established cynomolgus monkey ES cell lines (cyESCs) and(More)
Craniofrontonasal syndrome (CFNS) is an X-linked disorder that exhibits a paradoxical sex reversal in phenotypic severity: females characteristically have frontonasal dysplasia, craniosynostosis, and additional minor malformations, but males are usually mildly affected with hypertelorism only. Despite this, males appear underrepresented in CFNS pedigrees,(More)
Transcriptional activation of gene expression directed by the long terminal repeat (LTR) of HIV-1 requires both the transactivation response element (TAR) and Tat protein. HIV-1 mutants lacking a functional tat gene are not able to proliferate. Here we take a genetic approach to suppress HIV-1 replication based on Tat-dependent production of MazF, an(More)
Paclitaxel is a chemotherapeutic drug applied for the treatment of breast and non-small cell lung cancers. However, the biological effects of paclitaxel on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are undefined. We examined these points by using the human HCC cell lines, and found that paclitaxel inhibited the growth of HCC cells and blocked the cell cycle at the(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral melatonin supplementation on oocyte and embryo quality in patients in an assisted reproductive technologies program. All patients were treated for at least 2 weeks with melatonin (3 mg/day). To evaluate the cumulative effect of melatonin supplementation, we compared cycle outcomes between the first(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection may be involved in the development of cholangiocarcinoma. The prevalence of HBV and HCV infection was examined in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC). METHODS The levels of HBV surface antigens (HBsAg), antibodies(More)
Pancreatic beta-cells exposed to hyperglycemia produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). Because beta-cells are sensitive to oxidative stress, excessive ROS may cause dysfunction of beta-cells. Here we demonstrate that mitochondrial ROS suppress glucose-induced insulin secretion (GIIS) from beta-cells. Intracellular ROS increased 15min after exposure to high(More)
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is a critical event in the development and progression of vascular diseases, including atherosclerosis. We investigated whether the activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) could suppress VSMC proliferation and inhibit cell cycle progression. Treatment of human aortic smooth(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with interstitial lung diseases have a poor prognosis and are at increased risk of developing lung cancer. We evaluated the survival and predictors of survival after surgical resection in lung cancers in patients with interstitial lung diseases. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed data from 1763 patients with non-small cell lung cancer(More)