Kazuya Kawamura

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The present study was designed to examine the effect of specific opioid agonists on feeding behavior in neonatal chicks. The food intake of broiler chicks was significantly decreased by intracerebroventricular injection of DAMGO and beta-casomorphin, micro-opioid receptor agonists, at 30-min postinjection. In contrast, both delta-opioid receptor agonists(More)
This study was designed to compare the effects of muscimol (GABA(A) agonist), baclofen (GABA(B) agonist) and nipecotic acid (GABA uptake inhibitor) on food intake in two chicken strains (meat-type and layer-type chicks). The intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of all GABA agents induced hyperphagia in layer-type chicks. However, in broiler chicks, there(More)
The present study was designed to examine the effects of mu- and delta-opioid receptor ligands on feeding behavior in meat-type chicks. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of naltrexone (mu- and delta-antagonist), beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA; mu-antagonist), ICI-174,864 (ICI; delta-antagonist), or naloxonazine (NAL; mu1-antagonist) significantly(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our work was to develop an integrated system with image guidance and deformation simulation for the purpose of accurate needle insertion. METHODS We designed an ultrasound-guided needle insertion manipulator and physical model to simulate liver deformation. We carried out an in vivo experiment using a porcine liver to verify the(More)
The objective of this study is to develop a 3D ankle-foot model containing toe expression for designing an AFO (ankle-foot orthosis) with a training function. Two experiments were conducted to (1) show the influence of toes by comparing walking with and without an AFO, and (2) clarify the functions of toes during walking by correlating the activity of the(More)