Kazuya Kawamura

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The present study was designed to examine the effect of specific opioid agonists on feeding behavior in neonatal chicks. The food intake of broiler chicks was significantly decreased by intracerebroventricular injection of DAMGO and beta-casomorphin, micro-opioid receptor agonists, at 30-min postinjection. In contrast, both delta-opioid receptor agonists(More)
This study was designed to compare the effects of muscimol (GABA(A) agonist), baclofen (GABA(B) agonist) and nipecotic acid (GABA uptake inhibitor) on food intake in two chicken strains (meat-type and layer-type chicks). The intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of all GABA agents induced hyperphagia in layer-type chicks. However, in broiler chicks, there(More)
This paper shows the viscoelastic and nonlinear organ deformation model for organ model-based control of needle insertion, in which the deformation of an organ is calculated intraoperatively and the needle is manipulated with organ deformation taken into consideration. An organ model including such detailed material characteristics is important to achieve(More)
The coordination between the operator and laparoscope holder has a major effect on the process and results of laparoscopic surgery. The most intuitive method is for surgeons to manipulate the laparoscope by themselves. Here we demonstrate an endoscopic manipulator control system based on pupil movement that uses an intention recognition system to improve(More)
The present study was designed to examine the effects of mu- and delta-opioid receptor ligands on feeding behavior in meat-type chicks. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of naltrexone (mu- and delta-antagonist), beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA; mu-antagonist), ICI-174,864 (ICI; delta-antagonist), or naloxonazine (NAL; mu1-antagonist) significantly(More)
Organs have many vulnerable tissues such as blood vessels and nerves which must never be damaged. This paper shows a control method which prevents the overload of vulnerable tissues. Firstly, the force control method, which prevents overload, is shown. Secondly, a FEM-based stress observer using the organ model is described. Finally, a control method(More)
Needle insertion treatments require accurate placement of the needle tip into the target cancer. However, it is difficult to insert the needle into the cancer because of cancer displacement due to the organ deformation. Then, a path planning using numerical simulation to analyze the deformation of the organ and the timing of puncture is important for the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our work was to develop an integrated system with image guidance and deformation simulation for the purpose of accurate needle insertion. METHODS We designed an ultrasound-guided needle insertion manipulator and physical model to simulate liver deformation. We carried out an in vivo experiment using a porcine liver to verify the(More)
Tele-surgery enables medical care even in a remote region and has been realized in clinical cases by means of a special communication line. To make tele-surgery a commonly employed method, a surgical environment must be realized by means of a public communication line such as the Internet. In this paper, we focus on providing a general-purpose operating(More)
This study investigated the value of time for commercial vehicles in urban areas and its implications for perceived benefits created by congestion pricing projects. Central questions explored were 1). Do values of time differ among commercial vehicle operators? If so, what explains the differences? 2) Will congestion pricing make particular segments of the(More)