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This study was designed to compare the effects of muscimol (GABA(A) agonist), baclofen (GABA(B) agonist) and nipecotic acid (GABA uptake inhibitor) on food intake in two chicken strains (meat-type and layer-type chicks). The intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of all GABA agents induced hyperphagia in layer-type chicks. However, in broiler chicks, there(More)
The present study was designed to examine the effect of specific opioid agonists on feeding behavior in neonatal chicks. The food intake of broiler chicks was significantly decreased by intracerebroventricular injection of DAMGO and beta-casomorphin, micro-opioid receptor agonists, at 30-min postinjection. In contrast, both delta-opioid receptor agonists(More)
This paper shows the viscoelastic and nonlinear organ deformation model for organ model-based control of needle insertion, in which the deformation of an organ is calculated intraoperatively and the needle is manipulated with organ deformation taken into consideration. An organ model including such detailed material characteristics is important to achieve(More)
In laparoscopic surgery, numerous devices have been developed to allow surgeons to manipulate the laparoscope by themselves. Some previously adopted approaches include hands-free strategies, such as eye tracking. In this letter, we propose a new approach for the control of an endoscopic manipulator using pupil variation, which has not been previously(More)
Needle insertion treatments require accurate placement of the needle tip into the target cancer. However, it is difficult to insert the needle into the cancer because of cancer displacement due to the organ deformation. Then, a path planning using numerical simulation to analyze the deformation of the organ and the timing of puncture is important for the(More)
The present study was designed to examine the effects of mu- and delta-opioid receptor ligands on feeding behavior in meat-type chicks. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of naltrexone (mu- and delta-antagonist), beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA; mu-antagonist), ICI-174,864 (ICI; delta-antagonist), or naloxonazine (NAL; mu1-antagonist) significantly(More)
   An endoscopic system is needed that presents informative images irrespective of the surgical situation and the number of degrees of freedom in endoscopic manipulation. This goal may be achieved with a virtual reality view for a region of interest from an arbitrary viewpoint. An endoscopic pseudo-viewpoint alternation system for this purpose was developed(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our work was to develop an integrated system with image guidance and deformation simulation for the purpose of accurate needle insertion. METHODS We designed an ultrasound-guided needle insertion manipulator and physical model to simulate liver deformation. We carried out an in vivo experiment using a porcine liver to verify the(More)
It is generally difficult to determine the material values of human tissue to input into an organ deformation model, because the material properties of human tissues are inherently uncertain because of their individual differences. In our work, we developed a promising approach that allows identification of the material parameters of the organ model by(More)
Tele-surgery enables medical care even in a remote region and has been realized in clinical cases by means of a special communication line. To make tele-surgery a commonly employed method, a surgical environment must be realized by means of a public communication line such as the Internet. In this paper, we focus on providing a general-purpose operating(More)