Kazuya Ishikawa

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Mutant pqr-216 from an Arabidopsis activation-tagged line showed a phenotype of increased tolerance to oxidative stress after treatment with 3 mum paraquat (PQ). Based on the phenotype of transgenic plants overexpressing the genes flanking the T-DNA insert, it was clear that enhanced expression of a Nudix (nucleoside diphosphates linked to some moiety X)(More)
CERK1 is a lysine motif-containing plant pattern recognition receptor for chitin and peptidoglycan. Chitin recognition by OsCERK1 triggers rapid engagement of a rice MAP kinase cascade, which leads to defense response activation. How the MAP kinase cascades are engaged downstream of OsCERK1 remains obscure. Searching for host proteins that interact with(More)
Here, we assessed modulation of the poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PAR) reaction by an Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) ADPribose (Rib)/NADH pyrophosphohydrolase, AtNUDX7 (for Arabidopsis Nudix hydrolase 7), in AtNUDX7-overexpressed (Pro35S:AtNUDX7) or AtNUDX7-disrupted (KO-nudx7) plants under normal conditions and oxidative stress caused by paraquat treatment.(More)
The sequence of 5,028 nucleotides, including one open reading frame (ORF), of rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) dsDNA was determined. The predicted translational product comprises 1,675 amino acids and has Mr of 194, 134 (p194). The amino acid sequences of three tryptic fragments from the 32k capsid protein of RTBV (p32) were found in the predicted(More)
Nudix (for nucleoside diphosphates linked to some moiety X) hydrolases act to hydrolyze ribonucleoside and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates, nucleotide sugars, coenzymes, or dinucleoside polyphosphates. Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) contains 27 genes encoding Nudix hydrolase homologues (AtNUDX1 to -27) with a predicted distribution in the cytosol,(More)
Here, we investigated the physiological role of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) AtNUDX6, the gene encoding ADP-ribose (Rib)/NADH pyrophosphohydrolase, using its overexpressor (Pro35S:AtNUDX6) or disruptant (KO-nudx6). The level of NADH in Pro35S:AtNUDX6 and KO-nudx6 plants was decreased and increased, respectively, compared with that of the control(More)
BACKGROUND Vasospasm is a frequent complication in the early clinical course after SAH. Although various methods have been used to measure cerebral perfusion including PET, SPECT, xenon CT, and TCD, these require the patients to remain still for a long period. In addition, TCD is operator dependent. The current study aimed to clarify the convenience of CTP(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is an evolutionarily ancient mechanism of signal transduction found in eukaryotic cells. In plants, MAPK cascades are associated with responses to various abiotic and biotic stresses such as plant pathogens. MAPK cascades function through sequential phosphorylation: MAPK kinase kinases (MAPKKKs)(More)
Fig mosaic virus (FMV), a member of the newly formed genus Emaravirus, is a segmented negative-strand RNA virus. Each of the six genomic FMV segments contains a single ORF: that of RNA4 encodes the protein p4. FMV-p4 is presumed to be the movement protein (MP) of the virus; however, direct experimental evidence for this is lacking. We assessed the(More)
To evaluate the relationship between tobacco stunt virus (TStV) and Lettuce big-vein virus (LBVV), we determined nucleotide sequences of the coat protein (CP) coding region of five TStV and three LBVV isolates and compared them with those of one Japanese and four Spanish isolates of LBVV. CP coding regions were identical in size and the nucleotide and amino(More)