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To clarify the role of the H-Ras in vivo, we generated H-ras null mutant mice by gene targeting. In spite of the importance of the Ras in cell proliferation and differentiation, H-ras null mutant mice grew normally and were fertile. The oldest H-ras mutant mice grew to be more than 30 months old. We used the H-ras deficient mice to study the importance of(More)
Vaccine treatment using multiple peptides derived from multiple proteins is considered to be a promising option for cancer immune therapy, but scientific evidence supporting the therapeutic efficacy of multiple peptides is limited. We conducted phase I trials using a mixture of multiple therapeutic peptide vaccines to evaluate their safety, immunogenicity(More)
BACKGROUND Mitomycin C (MMC) can trigger various intracellular signals. The authors previously showed that pretreatment of highly immunogenic crude pancreatic islets with MMC improved their survival in a rat-to-mouse transplantation model. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in mediating MMC-induced(More)
BACKGROUND There remains a paucity of therapeutic approaches to completely treat diabetes mellitus. This study was designed to develop a dispersed islet cell-based tissue engineering approach to engineer functional neo-islet tissues in the absence of traditional bioabsorbable scaffold matrices. METHODS Specialized coated plastic dishes were prepared by(More)
The present study was designed to establish a novel tissue engineering approach for diabetes mellitus (DM) by fabricating a tissue sheet composed of pancreatic islet cells for in vivo transplantation. Pancreatic islet cell suspensions were obtained from Lewis rats, and plated onto temperature-responsive culture dishes coated with extracellular matrix (ECM)(More)
The recovery of all of the islets contained in a pancreas is the goal of islet isolation for transplantation. This study reveals an environment that injures the isolated islets during digestion and proposes a new model for optimal islet isolation. Islets were isolated from Wistar rat pancreases by stationary collagenase digestion while the digestion time(More)
BACKGROUND Mitomycin C (MMC) treatment produces genotoxic stress and exerts various biologic effects on cell function. This study determines the feasibility of MMC pretreatment of islet grafts as a sole immunomodulatory regimen to protect murine crude-digested islet allografts. METHODS Collagenase-digested BALB/c (H-2d) islets were incubated for 30 min(More)
One of the goals of islet transplantation is to transplant viable islets without host immunosuppression. The present study was designed to determine whether pretreatment of islets with mitomycin-C (MMC) followed by culture enhances islet survival in a rat-to-mouse xenogeneic combination. WS(RT1k) rat islets pretreated with various concentrations of MMC (0,(More)
BACKGROUND We established a procedure to engineer therapeutic neo-islets in subcutaneous spaces in mice by transplanting contiguous layers of islet cell sheets. In this study, we investigated the cellular arrangements of α and β within these engineered neo-islets in vivo as a function of time after sheet transplantation. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)