Kazuya Endo

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The alterations of the chromatin structure by histone acetylases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) are implicated in the regulation of gene transcription and also in the process of carcinogenesis. HDAC inhibitors have been shown to be potent inducers of growth arrest, differentiation and/or apoptotic cell death of transformed cells and, as a result,(More)
BACKGROUND The factors associated with the clinical results of preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for esophageal cancer and its effect on postoperative complications are still unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS The 686 patients with esophageal cancer were classified into 376 who received preoperative CRT (group I) and 310 who received surgery alone (group(More)
Metastasis-associated protein MTA1 and histone deacetylase form a protein complex with histone deacetylase activity that plays an important role in histone deacetylation, alteration of chromatin structure and transcriptional control. The precise role of the MTA1 protein in the malignant progression of human cancers remains unknown, however, especially its(More)
PURPOSE The link between BRCA1 dysfunction and basal-like breast cancer or triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has been suggested; however, the associations of other factors involved in the Fanconi anemia (FA)/BRCA pathway with the pathogenesis of basal-like breast cancer remain unidentified. FANCF protein is a component of the FA core complex. The(More)
PURPOSE Prediction of the postoperative course of esophagectomy is an important part of the strict perioperative management of patients undergoing surgery for esophageal cancer. METHODS To evaluate their clinical importance, peripheral blood values, including white blood cell count (WBC), lymphocyte count, and the levels of total protein, transferrin,(More)
BACKGROUND Galectin-3 is a beta-galactoside-binding protein whose expression has been correlated with progression and metastasis in colon cancer. It is expressed at elevated levels in a variety of neoplastic cells. The current study was designed to investigate, by clinicopathological analysis, the relationship between prognosis and galectin-3 expression, in(More)
OBJECTIVE Predicting peritoneal dissemination of cancer is very difficult whatever method of examination is used. Recently, a cytological examination of peritoneal lavage has been shown to be a feasible measure to predict an early state of peritoneal seeding. The predictive value of the levels of tumor markers in peritoneal lavage for peritoneal metastasis(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to clarify differences in apoptotic signal transduction between gastric cancer cells and leukemia cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS In order to study apoptotic signal transduction of gastric cancer cells, MKN45 gastric cancer cells expressing the wild-type p53 gene and U937 myeloid leukemia cells expressing a mutated p53 gene(More)
Second mitochondria-derived activator of caspases/direct inhibitor of apoptosis-binding protein with low pI (Smac/DIABLO) is released by mitochondria in response to apoptotic stimuli and is thought to regulate apoptosis by antagonizing inhibitors of apoptosis proteins, which play an important role in sensitization of cancer cells to various therapeutic(More)
OBJECTIVE An increase in the activity of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) has been correlated with a more malignant phenotype in several tumor models in vivo. This study was designed to clarify the expression of MKP-1 in surgically resected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS We reviewed the cases of 77 patients who had undergone initial(More)