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The hormonal action of abscisic acid (ABA) in plants is controlled by the precise balance between its biosynthesis and catabolism. In plants, ABA 8'-hydroxylation is thought to play a predominant role in ABA catabolism. ABA 8'-hydroxylase was shown to be a cytochrome P450 (P450); however, its corresponding gene had not been identified. Through phylogenetic(More)
A secreted luciferase from the marine ostracod, Vargula hilgendorfii, is a useful tool for gene expression assays in living mammalian cells. We have cloned the cDNA of a new secreted luciferase from the ostracod Cypridina noctiluca, which inhabits the coast of Japan. C. noctiluca luciferase consists of 553 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 61,415(More)
Plants accumulate storage substances such as starch, lipids and proteins in certain phases of development. Storage proteins accumulate in both vegetative and reproductive tissues and serve as a reservoir to be used in later stages of plant development. The accumulation of storage protein is thus beneficial for the survival of plants. Storage proteins are(More)
Bioluminescence reporter proteins have been widely used in the development of tools for monitoring biological events in living cells. In this study, we describe the development of a reporter system with secreted Cypridina noctiluca luciferase (CLuc) for a pharmacological assay that is based on targeted promoter activity. A model cell line was established(More)
Arabidopsis chotto1 (cho1) mutants show resistance to (-)-R-ABA, an ABA analog, during germination and seedling growth. Here, we report cloning and characterization of the CHO1 gene. cho1 mutants showed only subtle resistance to (+)-S-ABA during germination. The cho1 mutation acts as a strong enhancer of the abi5 mutant, whereas the cho1 abi4 double mutant(More)
We reported a loss-of-function of an Arabidopsis double AP2 transcription factor CHOTTO1 (CHO1) gene results in the altered responses to high concentrations of nitrate (approximately 50 mM). Nitrate up to 10 mM promotes growth of the wildtype seedling, but inhibits it under higher concentrations. The cho1 seedlings responded to nitrate up to 10 mM similarly(More)