Kazutoshi Murotomi

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Reporter assays that use luciferases are widely employed for monitoring cellular events associated with gene expression in vitro and in vivo. To improve the response of the luciferase reporter to acute changes of gene expression, a destabilization sequence is frequently used to reduce the stability of luciferase protein in the cells, which results in an(More)
Many polyphenols that contain more than two phenolic hydroxyl groups are natural antioxidants and can provide health benefits to humans. These polyphenols include, for example, oleuropein, hydroxytyrosol, catechin, chlorogenic acids, hesperidin, nobiletin, and isoflavones. These have been studied widely because of their strong radical-scavenging and(More)
Oleuropein, a phenolic compound found in abundance in olive leaves, has beneficial effects on various diseases. However, it is unknown whether an oleuropein-rich diet is efficacious against type 2 diabetic phenotypes. In this study, we investigated the effects of the oleuropein-containing supplement OPIACE, whose oleuropein content exceeds 35% (w/w), on the(More)
We developed a novel method to measure hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (HODE) levels in biological fluids and tissue samples. This method can be used to measure the oxidation products of linoleic acid. Reduction and saponification enabled us to measure hydroperoxides and hydroxides of both free and esterified forms of linoleic acid as total HODE, which includes(More)
Olive leaf has great potential as a natural antioxidant, and one of its major phenolic components is oleuropein. In this study, the antioxidant activity of oleuropein against oxygen-centered radicals was measured by examining its sparing effects on the peroxyl radical-induced decay of fluorescein and pyrogallol red, in comparison with related compounds. The(More)
Oxidative stress plays a key role in the development of type 2 diabetes. However, it is still unknown what kind of oxidative stress underlies the development of type 2 diabetes. We investigated hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (HODE) isomers, which have been proposed as a biomarker for evaluating oxidative stress in vivo, during the development of diabetes in(More)
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome and can lead to hepatic cirrhosis and cancer. It is considered that NASH is caused by multiple parallel events, including abnormal lipid metabolism, gut-derived-endotoxin-induced inflammation, and adipocytokines derived from adipose tissue, suggesting that other(More)
The development of a synthetic transcription factor that responds to intracellular calcium signals enables analyzing cellular events at the single-cell level or "rewiring" the intracellular information networks. In this study, we developed the calcium-dependent transcription factor (CaTF), which was cleaved by calpain and then translocated to the nuclei(More)
Tsumura Suzuki Obese Diabetes (TSOD) mouse, a model of obese type 2 diabetes, older than around 11 weeks of age develops diabetic phenotypes. Previous studies have indicated that the development of diabetes is partly due to three loci associated with body weight and glucose homeostasis. However, little is known about the initial events triggering the(More)
5-Hydroxy-4-phenyl-butenolide (5H4PB) is a bioactive compound with antifungal and anti-obesity properties. Although it has recently been shown that 5H4PB activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ), the effect of 5H4PB on intracellular signaling pathways has not been clarified. In this study, we found that 5H4PB activated the nuclear(More)