Kazutoshi Koike

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Of 11 children with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) carrying RAS mutations (8 with NRAS mutations, 3 with KRAS2 mutations), 5 had a profound elevation in either or both the white blood cells and spleen size at diagnosis. Three patients had no or modest hepatosplenomegaly and mild leukocytosis at presentation but subsequently showed a marked increase(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the outcomes of a dental management program the authors designed for pediatric patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) for hematological malignancy. Thirty pediatric patients with hematological malignancies received dental management before HSCT. The outcomes of the dental management and any episode(More)
We present a cytogenetically normal neonate who developed transient abnormal myelopoiesis. The blasts showed trisomy 21. In contrast, fibroblasts, and PHA-stimulated peripheral blood demonstrated normal diploid line on extensive karyotyping. Direct sequencing of the DNA derived from the peripheral blood at overt disease revealed splice site mutation in the(More)
Members of the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) family participate in the innate immune system, exerting widespread effects on cytokine secretion, autophagy, and apoptosis. Recent studies in Caucasians revealed the association between mutants of NOD2, a member of the NLR family, and severity of acute graft-versus-host(More)
PURPOSE Three familial cases of each of severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) and cyclic neutropenia (CN) in addition to 3 sporadic cases of SCN were analyzed for neutrophil elastase (Ela2) gene mutation. The contents of the neutrophil-specific granule proteins cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin were also(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has not been widely used in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and Down syndrome (DS) due to fear of transplantation-related toxicity. A retrospective analysis of the outcome of allogeneic HSCT was conducted in 15 patients with AML and DS. The five patients transplanted with the reduced(More)
To evaluate minimal residual disease (MRD) after chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML), a locked nucleic acid-allele specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction (LNA-AS-qPCR) was developed for 13 patients (four types of PTPN11 mutation and four types of RAS mutation). The post-transplant(More)
We evaluated the efficacy of treatment using reduced cumulative doses of anthracyclines in children with acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) in the Japanese Paediatric Leukaemia/Lymphoma Study Group AML-P05 study. All patients received two and three subsequent courses of induction and consolidation chemotherapy respectively, consisting of all-trans retinoic(More)
Because of a small number of patients, only a few studies have addressed the outcome of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in children with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), who receive graft from a volunteer-unrelated donor (VUD), especially after practical application of imatinib mesylate. The outcomes of BMT from a(More)
There is no standard treatment for adolescents aged 15 years or older with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), although this age group has been reported as having a poorer prognosis compared to younger patients. We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of three consecutive Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group ALL trials (1995-2006) of 373 patients aged 10(More)