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The mature form of Alzheimer's beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) is phosphorylated specifically at Thr(668) in neurons. In mature neurons, phosphorylated APP is detected in neurites, with dephosphorylated APP being found mostly in the cell body. In vitro, active cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) phosphorylated the cytoplasmic domain of APP at Thr(668).(More)
Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP), the precursor of beta-amyloid (Abeta), is an integral membrane protein with a receptor-like structure. We recently demonstrated that the mature APP (mAPP; N- and O-glycosylated form) is phosphorylated at Thr668 (numbering for APP695 isoform), specifically in neurons. Phosphorylation of mAPP appears to occur(More)
Neuronal Fe65 is an adapter protein that interacts with the cytoplasmic domain of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP). Although the interaction has been reported to occur between the second phosphotyrosine interaction domain of Fe65 and the YENPTY motif in the cytoplasmic domain of APP, the regulatory mechanism and biological function of this(More)
Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP) is an integral membrane protein with a short cytoplasmic domain of 47 amino acids. It is hoped that identification of proteins that interact with the cytoplasmic domain will provide new insights into the physiological function of APP and, in turn, into the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. To identify proteins(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen replacement attenuates the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. Recent studies using an in vitro culture system have shown that estrogen inhibits endothelial cell (EC) apoptosis. The in vivo relevance of this finding, however, is not defined. To do so, we have developed a rat vascular injury model in which EC(More)
The deposition of amyloid β-protein (Aβ) is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We previously found that the ganglioside-enriched microdomains (ganglioside clusters) in presynaptic neuronal membranes play a key role in the initiation of the Aβ assembly process. However, not all ganglioside clusters accelerate Aβ assembly. In the present(More)
Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a transmembrane protein containing three phosphorylation sites in its cytoplasmic domain. In the present study, we isolated cDNA of APP from electric ray electric lobe (elAPP). This APP (elAPP699) consists of 699 amino acids, contains the beta-amyloid domain and has 80.7% similarity with the human APP695(More)
It has been well established that β-amyloid peptide is the principal protein component of extracellular cerebral amyloid deposits in patients with Alzheimer's disease (1,2). β-Amyloid is derived from a large precursor protein, amyloid precursor protein (APP), which is an integral membrane protein, with a receptor-like structure (3). APP is a member of a(More)
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