Kazutomo Ujiie

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Endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) has profound effects on the renal vasculature, the glomerular mesangium, and also affects renal salt excretion. EDRF stimulates guanylyl cyclases, which are thought to be heterodimers comprised of alpha and beta subunits. Two alpha and two beta isoforms have been identified thus far. However, the molecular(More)
This prospective, randomized controlled study was designed to examine the effects of oral adsorbent AST-120 on the progression of chronic renal failure (CRF) in patients on a strict low protein diet (LPD). Twenty-six patients with CRF (serum creatinine 3.0 to 8.6 mg/dl) on a LPD were randomly assigned to a control group (N = 13) or an AST-120 group (N =(More)
Prolonged hypoxia in the adult rat causes a decline in endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) production in the pulmonary circulation. To evaluate whether this is related to a decrease in endothelial NO synthase (NOS-III) expression, we determined the effects of hypobaric hypoxia (7 or 21 days) on NOS-III gene expression in adult rat lung. Neuronal NOS(More)
We investigated immunohistochemical localization of V2 vasopressin receptor along the nephron using a specific polyclonal antibody. Staining was observed in some of thick ascending limbs and all of principal and inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cells. Not only basolateral but also luminal membrane was stained in collecting ducts, especially in(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has effects on renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, renin secretion, and renal sodium excretion. Four isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) have been cloned to date. However, the molecular identity of NOS present in the renal vasculature is unknown. Endothelial NOS (NOS-III) is regulated both acutely by cell calcium and(More)
Angiotensinogen, angiotensin-converting enzyme, and renin constitute the components of the renin-angiotensin system. The mammalian renal proximal tubule contains angiotensinogen, angiotensin-converting enzyme, and angiotensin receptors. Previous immunohistochemical studies describing the presence of renin in the proximal tubule could not distinguish(More)
Selected studies of nitroglycerin tolerance have demonstrated desensitization of the nitric oxide-stimulated guanylyl cyclase. To define the mechanism by which the response to nitric oxide becomes desensitized, we studied the effects of activating both nitric oxide and atrial natriuretic peptide-stimulated guanylyl cyclases in rat medullary interstitial(More)
The successful transition from fetal to neonatal life involves a marked decline in pulmonary vascular resistance which is modulated in part by endothelium-derived nitric oxide. To define the molecular processes which prepare the pulmonary circulation for nitric oxide mediation of vasodilatation at the time of birth, we determined the ontogeny of endothelial(More)
The effects of hyperosmolality on the production and mRNA expression of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) were examined in the present study. Osmolality in incubation media was changed from 290 to 490 or 690 mosmol/kgH2O by adding NaCl, urea, mannitol, or raffinose. A preliminary experiment was carried out using tubule suspension(More)